The Effects of Cyclic Loading and Motion on the Implant–Cement Interface and Cement Mantle of PEEK and Cobalt–Chromium Femoral Total Knee Arthroplasty Implants: A Preliminary Study

Lennert De Ruiter, Raelene M. Cowie, Louise M. Jennings, Adam Briscoe, Dennis Janssen*, Nico Verdonschot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This study investigated the fixation of a cemented PEEK femoral TKA component. PEEK and CoCr implants were subjected to a walking gait cycle for 10 million cycles (MC), 100,000 cycles or 0 cycles (unloaded control). A method was developed to assess the fixation at the cement-implant interface, which exposed the implants to a fluorescent penetrant dye solution. The lateral condyles of the implants were then sectioned and viewed under fluorescence to investigate bonding at the cement-implant interface and cracking of the cement mantle. When tested for 100,000 cycles, debonding of the cement-implant interface occurred in both PEEK (61%) and CoCr (13%) implants. When the duration of testing was extended (10 MC), the percentage debonding was further increased for both materials to 88% and 61% for PEEK and CoCr, respectively. The unloaded PEEK specimens were 79% debonded, which suggests that, when PEEK femoral components are cemented, complete bonding may never occur. Analysis of cracks in the cement mantle showed an absence of full-thickness cracks in the unloaded control group. For the 100,000-cycle samples, on average, 1.3 and 0.7 cracks were observed for PEEK and CoCr specimens, respectively. After 10 MC, these increased to 24 for PEEK and 19 for CoCr. This was a preliminary study with a limited number of samples investigated, but shows that, after 10 MC under a walking gait, substantial debonding was visible for both PEEK and CoCr implants at the cement-implant interface and no significant difference in the number of cement cracks was found between the two materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3323
JournalMaterials
Volume13
Issue number15
Early online date26 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Effects of Cyclic Loading and Motion on the Implant–Cement Interface and Cement Mantle of PEEK and Cobalt–Chromium Femoral Total Knee Arthroplasty Implants: A Preliminary Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this