The effects of particle and gas properties on the fluidization of Geldart A particles

M. Ye, Martin Anton van der Hoef, J.A.M. Kuipers

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    Abstract

    We report on 3D computer simulations based on the soft-sphere discrete particle model (DPM) of Geldart A particles in a 3D gas-fluidized bed. The effects of particle and gas properties on the fluidization behavior of Geldart A particles are studied, with focus on the predictions of Umf and Umb, which are compared with the classical empirical correlations due to Abrahamsen and Geldart [1980. Powder Technology 26, 35¿46]. It is found that the predicted minimum fluidization velocities are consistent with the correlation given by Abrahamsen and Geldart for all cases that we studied. The overshoot of the pressure drop near the minimum fluidization point is shown to be influenced by both particle¿wall friction and the interparticle van der Waals forces. A qualitative agreement between the correlation and the simulation data for Umb has been found for different particle¿wall friction coefficients, interparticle van der Waals forces, particle densities, particle sizes, and gas densities. For fine particles with a diameter Click to view the MathML source, a deviation has been found between the Umb from simulation and the correlation. This may be due to the fact that the interparticle van der Waals forces are not incorporated in the simulations, where it is expected that they play an important role in this size range. The simulation results obtained for different gas viscosities, however, display a different trend when compared with the correlation. We found that with an increasing gas shear viscosity the Umb experiences a minimum point near Click to view the MathML source, while in the correlation the minimum bubbling velocity decreases monotonously for increasing ¿g.
    Original languageUndefined
    Pages (from-to)4567-4580
    Number of pages13
    JournalChemical engineering science
    Volume60
    Issue number16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2005

    Keywords

    • METIS-228875
    • IR-54590

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