The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Phased arrays can be used to estimate the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of UHF RFID tags. To save on energy consumption and hardware costs, in this paper we explore the possibility of using single bit analog-to-digital converters for our phased array setup. This setup consists of an off-the-shelf Impinj R2000 reader and a custom phased array with 4 receiving channels. The proposed system quantizes the baseband quadrature signals individually. As there is a direct relation between the correlation coefficient of a quantized signal and an unquantized signal, the error introduced by quantization can be corrected. The experimental results show that single bit quantization can be used for DOA estimation and the mean error increases only slightly. The proposed correction achieves better results than uncorrected quantized estimation, at the cost of the need for signal power measurements.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publication2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA)
    Place of PublicationUSA
    PublisherIEEE Communications Society
    Pages55-60
    Number of pages6
    ISBN (Print)978-1-5090-1409-5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2016
    Event2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Application, RFID-TA 2016 - Shunde, China
    Duration: 21 Sep 201622 Sep 2016
    http://2016.ieee-rfid-ta.org/

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherIEEE Communications Society

    Conference

    Conference2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Application, RFID-TA 2016
    Abbreviated titleRFID-TA
    CountryChina
    CityShunde
    Period21/09/1622/09/16
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • Phased array
    • EWI-27448
    • MUSIC
    • IR-102634
    • Quantization
    • METIS-319491
    • UHF RFID

    Cite this

    Huiting, J., Kokkeler, A. B. J., & Smit, G. J. M. (2016). The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA) (pp. 55-60). USA: IEEE Communications Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/RFID-TA.2016.7750731
    Huiting, J. ; Kokkeler, Andre B.J. ; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria. / The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags. 2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA). USA : IEEE Communications Society, 2016. pp. 55-60
    @inproceedings{45b8d606cd794678add6917f63318db3,
    title = "The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags",
    abstract = "Phased arrays can be used to estimate the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of UHF RFID tags. To save on energy consumption and hardware costs, in this paper we explore the possibility of using single bit analog-to-digital converters for our phased array setup. This setup consists of an off-the-shelf Impinj R2000 reader and a custom phased array with 4 receiving channels. The proposed system quantizes the baseband quadrature signals individually. As there is a direct relation between the correlation coefficient of a quantized signal and an unquantized signal, the error introduced by quantization can be corrected. The experimental results show that single bit quantization can be used for DOA estimation and the mean error increases only slightly. The proposed correction achieves better results than uncorrected quantized estimation, at the cost of the need for signal power measurements.",
    keywords = "Phased array, EWI-27448, MUSIC, IR-102634, Quantization, METIS-319491, UHF RFID",
    author = "J. Huiting and Kokkeler, {Andre B.J.} and Smit, {Gerardus Johannes Maria}",
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    doi = "10.1109/RFID-TA.2016.7750731",
    language = "Undefined",
    isbn = "978-1-5090-1409-5",
    publisher = "IEEE Communications Society",
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    booktitle = "2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA)",
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    Huiting, J, Kokkeler, ABJ & Smit, GJM 2016, The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags. in 2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA). IEEE Communications Society, USA, pp. 55-60, 2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Application, RFID-TA 2016, Shunde, China, 21/09/16. https://doi.org/10.1109/RFID-TA.2016.7750731

    The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags. / Huiting, J.; Kokkeler, Andre B.J.; Smit, Gerardus Johannes Maria.

    2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA). USA : IEEE Communications Society, 2016. p. 55-60.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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    PY - 2016/9/21

    Y1 - 2016/9/21

    N2 - Phased arrays can be used to estimate the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of UHF RFID tags. To save on energy consumption and hardware costs, in this paper we explore the possibility of using single bit analog-to-digital converters for our phased array setup. This setup consists of an off-the-shelf Impinj R2000 reader and a custom phased array with 4 receiving channels. The proposed system quantizes the baseband quadrature signals individually. As there is a direct relation between the correlation coefficient of a quantized signal and an unquantized signal, the error introduced by quantization can be corrected. The experimental results show that single bit quantization can be used for DOA estimation and the mean error increases only slightly. The proposed correction achieves better results than uncorrected quantized estimation, at the cost of the need for signal power measurements.

    AB - Phased arrays can be used to estimate the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of UHF RFID tags. To save on energy consumption and hardware costs, in this paper we explore the possibility of using single bit analog-to-digital converters for our phased array setup. This setup consists of an off-the-shelf Impinj R2000 reader and a custom phased array with 4 receiving channels. The proposed system quantizes the baseband quadrature signals individually. As there is a direct relation between the correlation coefficient of a quantized signal and an unquantized signal, the error introduced by quantization can be corrected. The experimental results show that single bit quantization can be used for DOA estimation and the mean error increases only slightly. The proposed correction achieves better results than uncorrected quantized estimation, at the cost of the need for signal power measurements.

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    Huiting J, Kokkeler ABJ, Smit GJM. The effects of single bit quantization on direction of arrival estimation of UHF RFID tags. In 2016 IEEE International Conference on RFID Technology and Applications (RFID-TA). USA: IEEE Communications Society. 2016. p. 55-60 https://doi.org/10.1109/RFID-TA.2016.7750731