The emergence of slums : A contemporary view on simulation models

Debraj Roy, Michael Harold Lees, B. Palavalli, K. Pfeffer, M.A.P. Sloot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The existence of slums or informal settlements is common to most cities of developing countries. Its role
as single housing delivery mechanism has seriously challenged the popular notion held by policy makers,
planners and architects. Today informality is a paradigm of city making and economic growth in Africa,
Asia and Latin America. This paper discusses the role of computer simulation models to understand the
emergence and growth of slums in developing countries. We have identified the key factors influencing
the growth of slums and formulated a standardized set of criteria for evaluating slum models. The review
of existing computer simulation models designed to understand slum formation and expansion enabled
us to define model requirements and to identify new research questions with respect to exploring the
dynamics of slums
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-90
JournalEnvironmental modelling & software
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes




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