The Entoptic Field Camera as Metaphor-Driven Research-through-Design with AI Technologies

Jesse Josua Benjamin, Heidi Biggs, Arne Berger, Julija Rukanskaitė, Michael Heidt, Nick Merrill, James Pierce, Joseph Lindley

Research output: Working paperPreprintAcademic

6 Citations (Scopus)
83 Downloads (Pure)


Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are widely deployed in smartphone photography; and prompt-based image synthesis models have rapidly become commonplace. In this paper, we describe a Research-through-Design (RtD) project which explores this shift in the means and modes of image production via the creation and use of the Entoptic Field Camera. Entoptic phenomena usually refer to perceptions of floaters or bright blue dots stemming from the physiological interplay of the eye and brain. We use the term entoptic as a metaphor to investigate how the material interplay of data and models in AI technologies shapes human experiences of reality. Through our case study using first-person design and a field study, we offer implications for critical, reflective, more-than-human and ludic design to engage AI technologies; the conceptualisation of an RtD research space which contributes to AI literacy discourses; and outline a research trajectory concerning materiality and design affordances of AI technologies.
Original languageEnglish
ISBN (Electronic)9781450394215
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2023


  • cs.HC
  • cs.AI
  • cs.LG


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  • Machine Horizons: Post-Phenomenological AI Studies

    Benjamin, J. J., 3 Feb 2023, Enschede: University of Twente. 372 p.

    Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research external, graduation UT

    Open Access
    770 Downloads (Pure)
  • Entoptic Field Camera

    Benjamin, J. J., 2022

    Research output: Non-textual formDesignAcademic

  • Three Post-Phenomenological Design Projects on and with ML Technologies as Philosophy-in-Practice

    Benjamin, J. J., 6 Nov 2022, [ ] With Design: Reinventing Design Modes: Proceedings of the 9th Congress of the International Association of Societies of Design Research (IASDR 2021). Bruyns, G. & Wei, H. (eds.). Singapore: Springer, p. 3540-3547 8 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    Open Access
    49 Downloads (Pure)

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