The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming

W.C. Emmens, Antonius H. van den Boogaard, D.H. van der Weijde

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

46 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The FLC is a well known concept in the sheet metal forming world. It is used to map the material’s formability and the make-ability of a product. The FLC is valid only within certain restrictions. These restrictions are: A: a straight strain path; B: absence of bending; C: absence of through-thickness shear; D: a condition of plane stress. The formability of a material can be increased significantly if one is allowed to violate any of these restrictions, meaning either: use a complex strain path, incorporate bending, incorporate through-thickness shear, or apply a contact stress. Both shear and contact stress change the stress state, and both lower the yield stress in tension and raise the necking limit up to a certain level. Bending creates a non-uniform stress distribution over the thickness of the sheet, resulting in a reduction of the yield force in tension, and it creates a range of stable elongation depending on the sheet thickness at each passage of the punch. The effect of a complex strain path depends on the particular situation; in incremental sheet forming it is based on non-isotropic hardening. In general it will not be possible to create such conditions in the entire product at once. However it is possible to do this intentionally in a small, restricted zone by creating special situations there. By moving this zone over the entire product the whole part can be made with increased formability. This technique of incremental forming is explained briefly. The special conditions around the punch indeed violate the FLC restrictions mentioned above. The enhanced formability obtained in incremental sheet forming is illustrated with many examples.
Original languageUndefined
Title of host publicationIDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA
Place of PublicationGolden, USA
PublisherColorado School of Mines
Pages773-784
ISBN (Print)978-0-615-29641-8
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventIDDRG 2009 - Golden, CO, Golden, United States
Duration: 1 Jun 20093 Jun 2009

Publication series

Name
PublisherColorado School of Mines

Conference

ConferenceIDDRG 2009
CountryUnited States
CityGolden
Period1/06/093/06/09

Keywords

  • Onderzoek van algemene industriele aardMechanical engineering and technology
  • METIS-262420
  • IR-69291

Cite this

Emmens, W. C., van den Boogaard, A. H., & van der Weijde, D. H. (2009). The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming. In IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA (pp. 773-784). Golden, USA: Colorado School of Mines.
Emmens, W.C. ; van den Boogaard, Antonius H. ; van der Weijde, D.H. / The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming. IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA. Golden, USA : Colorado School of Mines, 2009. pp. 773-784
@inproceedings{73ce25029fb547a48ca3c2ccd4ce46ac,
title = "The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming",
abstract = "The FLC is a well known concept in the sheet metal forming world. It is used to map the material’s formability and the make-ability of a product. The FLC is valid only within certain restrictions. These restrictions are: A: a straight strain path; B: absence of bending; C: absence of through-thickness shear; D: a condition of plane stress. The formability of a material can be increased significantly if one is allowed to violate any of these restrictions, meaning either: use a complex strain path, incorporate bending, incorporate through-thickness shear, or apply a contact stress. Both shear and contact stress change the stress state, and both lower the yield stress in tension and raise the necking limit up to a certain level. Bending creates a non-uniform stress distribution over the thickness of the sheet, resulting in a reduction of the yield force in tension, and it creates a range of stable elongation depending on the sheet thickness at each passage of the punch. The effect of a complex strain path depends on the particular situation; in incremental sheet forming it is based on non-isotropic hardening. In general it will not be possible to create such conditions in the entire product at once. However it is possible to do this intentionally in a small, restricted zone by creating special situations there. By moving this zone over the entire product the whole part can be made with increased formability. This technique of incremental forming is explained briefly. The special conditions around the punch indeed violate the FLC restrictions mentioned above. The enhanced formability obtained in incremental sheet forming is illustrated with many examples.",
keywords = "Onderzoek van algemene industriele aardMechanical engineering and technology, METIS-262420, IR-69291",
author = "W.C. Emmens and {van den Boogaard}, {Antonius H.} and {van der Weijde}, D.H.",
year = "2009",
language = "Undefined",
isbn = "978-0-615-29641-8",
publisher = "Colorado School of Mines",
pages = "773--784",
booktitle = "IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA",

}

Emmens, WC, van den Boogaard, AH & van der Weijde, DH 2009, The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming. in IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USA, pp. 773-784, IDDRG 2009, Golden, United States, 1/06/09.

The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming. / Emmens, W.C.; van den Boogaard, Antonius H.; van der Weijde, D.H.

IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA. Golden, USA : Colorado School of Mines, 2009. p. 773-784.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming

AU - Emmens, W.C.

AU - van den Boogaard, Antonius H.

AU - van der Weijde, D.H.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The FLC is a well known concept in the sheet metal forming world. It is used to map the material’s formability and the make-ability of a product. The FLC is valid only within certain restrictions. These restrictions are: A: a straight strain path; B: absence of bending; C: absence of through-thickness shear; D: a condition of plane stress. The formability of a material can be increased significantly if one is allowed to violate any of these restrictions, meaning either: use a complex strain path, incorporate bending, incorporate through-thickness shear, or apply a contact stress. Both shear and contact stress change the stress state, and both lower the yield stress in tension and raise the necking limit up to a certain level. Bending creates a non-uniform stress distribution over the thickness of the sheet, resulting in a reduction of the yield force in tension, and it creates a range of stable elongation depending on the sheet thickness at each passage of the punch. The effect of a complex strain path depends on the particular situation; in incremental sheet forming it is based on non-isotropic hardening. In general it will not be possible to create such conditions in the entire product at once. However it is possible to do this intentionally in a small, restricted zone by creating special situations there. By moving this zone over the entire product the whole part can be made with increased formability. This technique of incremental forming is explained briefly. The special conditions around the punch indeed violate the FLC restrictions mentioned above. The enhanced formability obtained in incremental sheet forming is illustrated with many examples.

AB - The FLC is a well known concept in the sheet metal forming world. It is used to map the material’s formability and the make-ability of a product. The FLC is valid only within certain restrictions. These restrictions are: A: a straight strain path; B: absence of bending; C: absence of through-thickness shear; D: a condition of plane stress. The formability of a material can be increased significantly if one is allowed to violate any of these restrictions, meaning either: use a complex strain path, incorporate bending, incorporate through-thickness shear, or apply a contact stress. Both shear and contact stress change the stress state, and both lower the yield stress in tension and raise the necking limit up to a certain level. Bending creates a non-uniform stress distribution over the thickness of the sheet, resulting in a reduction of the yield force in tension, and it creates a range of stable elongation depending on the sheet thickness at each passage of the punch. The effect of a complex strain path depends on the particular situation; in incremental sheet forming it is based on non-isotropic hardening. In general it will not be possible to create such conditions in the entire product at once. However it is possible to do this intentionally in a small, restricted zone by creating special situations there. By moving this zone over the entire product the whole part can be made with increased formability. This technique of incremental forming is explained briefly. The special conditions around the punch indeed violate the FLC restrictions mentioned above. The enhanced formability obtained in incremental sheet forming is illustrated with many examples.

KW - Onderzoek van algemene industriele aardMechanical engineering and technology

KW - METIS-262420

KW - IR-69291

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-0-615-29641-8

SP - 773

EP - 784

BT - IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA

PB - Colorado School of Mines

CY - Golden, USA

ER -

Emmens WC, van den Boogaard AH, van der Weijde DH. The FLC, enhanced fromavbility, and incremental sheet forming. In IDDRG International Congress 2009, 1-3 july 2009, Golden Colorado, USA. Golden, USA: Colorado School of Mines. 2009. p. 773-784