In 80 controls latencies of flexor carpi radialis (FCR) and in 94 controls latencies of soleus H-reflexes correlated well with length of the extremity, body height and age. Multiple regression equations using latency as a variable dependent on age and body height can be best used in practice when both reflexes are employed for demonstration of proximal pathology. The majority (69%) of 93 patients with various polyneuropathies showed abnormalities in both reflexes illustrating that proximal nerve segments are frequently involved. Four per cent had abnormal FCR H-reflexes with normal soleus H-reflexes whereas the reverse was found in 19% of the patients. Abnormal FCR H-reflexes occurred with normal motor and sensory conduction velocities in the peripheral part of the median nerve in 14%, whereas the reverse was seen in 12%, indicating that FCR H-reflex examination is a valuable supplement to conventional conduction studies for detection of electrophysiologically existing pathology.