The GAZE Groupware System: Mediating Joint Attention in Multiparty Communication and Collaboration

R.P.H. Vertegaal

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    141 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    In this paper, we discuss why, in designing multiparty mediated systems, we should focus first on providing non-verbal cues which are less redundantly coded in speech than those normally conveyed by video. We show how conveying one such cue, gaze direction, may solve two problems in multiparty mediated communication and collaboration: knowing who is talking to whom, and who is talking about what. As a candidate solution, we present the GAZE Groupware System, which combines support for gaze awareness in multiparty mediated communication and collaboration with small and linear bandwidth requirements. The system uses an advanced, deskmounted eyetracker to metaphorically convey gaze awareness in a 3D virtual meeting room and within shared documents.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationCHI '99
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
    PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery (ACM)
    Pages294-301
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)0-201-48559-1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 1999
    Event1999 SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 1999 - Pittsburgh, United States
    Duration: 15 May 199920 May 1999

    Conference

    Conference1999 SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 1999
    Abbreviated titleCHI
    CountryUnited States
    CityPittsburgh
    Period15/05/9920/05/99

    Keywords

    • METIS-137097
    • CSCW
    • Multiparty videoconferencing
    • Awareness
    • Attention
    • Gaze direction
    • VRML 2

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  • Cite this

    Vertegaal, R. P. H. (1999). The GAZE Groupware System: Mediating Joint Attention in Multiparty Communication and Collaboration. In CHI '99 : Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 294-301). Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). https://doi.org/10.1145/302979.303065