The global rise of online chatting and its adverse effect on reading literacy

Hans Luyten*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
124 Downloads (Pure)


In the past decade, reading has moved massively from printed paper to digital displays. Thus far, large-scale surveys have not shown clear-cut effects of ICT use on reading literacy. This study addresses the impact of per country increases in online chatting, using data from the worldwide PISA surveys in 2009 and 2018 covering 63 countries. During that period, online chatting increased substantially in nearly every country, but the rate of increase varied considerably across countries. The empirical evidence shows a strong correlation of per country increase in online chatting among 15-year-olds with per country declines in both reading literacy and awareness of useful reading strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101101
JournalStudies in educational evaluation
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Cultural and social implications
  • Evaluation methodologies
  • Social media
  • Teaching/learning strategies
  • UT-Hybrid-D


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