The Government Response to the Private Sector Expansion in Poland

Dominik Antonowicz, Marek Kwiek, Donald F. Westerheijden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

16 Citations (Scopus)
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One of the trademarks of transformation of Polish higher education is its tumultuous and inconsistent path of development driven by the rapid growth of private sector higher education. Such an expansion has been often described as a ‘sudden, shocking and unplanned’ phenomenon which revolutionized the institutional landscape of higher education in Central and Eastern Europe (Levy, 2007, p. 280). Also in Poland, the rise of private higher education is perhaps one of those aspects of the Polish higher education that caused revolutionary and far-reaching changes whose significance can be hardly overestimated. It also attracts scholars’ attention (e.g. Duczmal and Jongbloed, 2007; Antonowicz, 2016; Duczmal, 2006; Kwiek, 2012). However, clearly, there is still a knowledge gap in regards to the analysis of coping with the expansion and with governmental efforts to take control over the process of galloping expansion and securing minimum quality standards in (especially private) higher education.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolicy Analysis of Structural Reforms in Higher Education: Processes and Outcomes
EditorsHarry Boer, Jon File, Jeroen Huisman, Marco Seeber, Martina Vukasovic, Don F. Westerheijden
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-42236-7
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

NamePalgrave studies in global higher education


  • IR-103581
  • METIS-321604


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