The Imperative of Code: Labor, regulation and legitimacy

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


This chapter analyzes digital platforms that are marked by a transition from a user-based to market-based entity. By focusing on a migration between digital organizations, user labor practices and regulation, we investigate the trajectories of ‘community and monetization’ emerging with the platformization of the Internet, in order to uncover a growing constitutional legitimacy gap in multi-sided business models. We therefore attempt to unravel the delicate balance between regulation and co-regulation of digital platforms. Co-regulation entails taking into account the interests of multiple actors, incorporating different incentives for (user) participation across the ‘value chain’, which are said to increase transparency, pluralism, trust and respect for privacy. Based on legal cases surrounding Facebook, we make a case for a co-regulatory framework.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPolicy Implications of Virtual Work
EditorsPamela Meil, Vassil Kirov
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-52057-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-52056-8
Publication statusPublished - 8 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameDynamics of virtual work
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
ISSN (Print)2947-9290
ISSN (Electronic)2947-9304


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