The implemetation of a multi-annual agreement for energy efficiency in The Netherlands

V. Dinica, Johannes T.A. Bressers, Theo de Bruijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The paper analyses the implementation of the second multi-annual agreement for energy efficiency concluded in the Netherlands with industrial sectors for the period 2002–2010. It aims to investigate whether the multi-annual agreement MJA2, as a voluntary instrument, is sufficiently stimulating behavioral change at the target group level, and sustained transformation of production and management patterns towards significant gains in energy efficiency. The analysis uses a Structure–Conduct–Performance analytical framework for implementation processes in order to: (a) analyze the setting of implementation, actor roles, attitudes and interactions; (b) discuss emerging obstacles and positive experiences with the implementation of the three core policy instruments envisaged: energy management system, process efficiency measures, and ‘expansion themes’ measures. Based on this policy recommendations are formulated regarding voluntary agreements in general, using the Structure–Conduct–Performance framework of implementation analysis, and regarding how the implementation process of MJA2 in particular could be improved.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)461-480
JournalEnergy policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • METIS-244520
  • IR-59015

Cite this