The in vivo and in vitro degradation behavior of poly(trimethylene carbonate)

Zheng Zhang, Roel Kuijer, Sjoerd K. Bulstra, Dirk W. Grijpma, Jan Feijen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

253 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The in vivo and in vitro degradation behavior of poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) polymers with number average molecular weights of 69×103, 89×103, 291×103 and 457×103 g/mol (respectively abbreviated as PTMC69, PTMC89, PTMC291 and PTMC457) was investigated in detail. PTMC rods (3 mm in diameter and 4 mm in length) implanted in the femur and tibia of rabbits degraded by surface erosion. The mass loss of high molecular weight PTMC457 specimens was 60 wt% in 8 wks, whereas the mass loss of the lower molecular weight PTMC89 specimens in the same period was 3 times lower. PTMC discs of different molecular weights immersed in lipase solutions (lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus) degraded by surface erosion as well. The mass and thickness of high molecular weight PTMC291 discs decreased linearly in time with an erosion rate of 6.7 μm/d. The erosion rate of the lower molecular weight PTMC69 specimens was only 1.4 μm/d. It is suggested that the more hydrophilic surface of the PTMC69 specimens prevents the enzyme from acquiring a (hyper)active conformation. When PTMC discs were immersed in media varying in pH from 1 to 13, the non-enzymatic hydrolysis was extremely slow for both the high and low molecular weight samples. It can be concluded that enzymatic degradation plays an important role in the surface erosion of PTMC in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1741-1748
JournalBiomaterials
Volume27
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Carbonates
Molecular Weight
Molecular weight
Degradation
Erosion
Lipases
Lipase
polytrimethylene carbonate
In Vitro Techniques
Tibia
Femur
Conformations
Hydrolysis
Polymers
Enzymes
Rabbits

Keywords

  • In vitro degradation
  • In vivo degradation
  • Enzymatic surface erosion
  • Lipase
  • Poly(trimethylene carbonate)

Cite this

Zhang, Zheng ; Kuijer, Roel ; Bulstra, Sjoerd K. ; Grijpma, Dirk W. ; Feijen, Jan. / The in vivo and in vitro degradation behavior of poly(trimethylene carbonate). In: Biomaterials. 2006 ; Vol. 27, No. 9. pp. 1741-1748.
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The in vivo and in vitro degradation behavior of poly(trimethylene carbonate). / Zhang, Zheng; Kuijer, Roel; Bulstra, Sjoerd K.; Grijpma, Dirk W.; Feijen, Jan.

In: Biomaterials, Vol. 27, No. 9, 2006, p. 1741-1748.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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