The influence of approach speed and functional noise on users' perception of a robot

M. Lohse, Niels van Berkel, Elisabeth M.A.G. van Dijk, M.P. Joosse, Daphne Eleonora Karreman, Vanessa Evers

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)
    33 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    How a robot approaches a person greatly determines the interaction that follows. This is particularly relevant when the person has never interacted with the robot before. In human communication, we exchange a multitude of multimodal signals to communicate our intent while we approach others. However, most robots do not have the capabilities to produce such signals and easily communicate their intent. In this paper we propose to communicate intent when a robot approaches a person through functional noise and approach speed. Both were manipulated in a between-subjects experiment (N=40) either slowly increasing at the start of the approach and slowly decreasing when the robot reached the human or maximized at the start and abruptly stopped at the end of the approach. We analyzed questionnaires and video data from the interaction and found that particularly functional noise that in-/decreased in volume was helpful to communicate the robot's intent but only in congruence with an in-/decreasing velocity.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publication2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2013
    Place of PublicationLos Alamitos, CA, USA
    PublisherIEEE
    Pages1670-1675
    Number of pages6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
    Event2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2013 - Tokyo, Japan
    Duration: 3 Nov 20137 Nov 2013
    http://ewh.ieee.org/soc/ras/conf/CoSponsored/IROS/2013/www.iros2013.org/index.html

    Publication series

    Name
    PublisherIEEE
    ISSN (Print)2153-0858

    Conference

    Conference2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2013
    Abbreviated titleIROS
    CountryJapan
    CityTokyo
    Period3/11/137/11/13
    Internet address

    Keywords

    • EWI-24538
    • HMI-MI: MULTIMODAL INTERACTIONS
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/2007-2013
    • IR-89701
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/600877
    • METIS-302883
    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/288235

    Cite this

    Lohse, M., van Berkel, N., van Dijk, E. M. A. G., Joosse, M. P., Karreman, D. E., & Evers, V. (2013). The influence of approach speed and functional noise on users' perception of a robot. In 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2013 (pp. 1670-1675). Los Alamitos, CA, USA: IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/IROS.2013.6696573