The influence of physical ageing on the in-plane shear creep compliance of 5HS C/PPS

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Abstract

Thermoplastic polymer-matrix composites, such as carbon woven fabric reinforced poly(phenylene sulphide) (C/PPS), are increasingly used in the aircraft industry. Primary structural applications, however, are limited due to uncertainty concerning the longterm behaviour. Recent work indicated a progressive creep response over time, which would render these materials unusable for such applications. However, the effect of physical ageing was neglected, which is well known to alleviate the creep behaviour and hence physical ageing is rigorously included in this study on the long-term creep response of C/PPS. Shortterm
tensile creep tests in the bias direction were performed at temperatures of 50, 60, 65, 70,75 and 80◦C to obtain a master curve using the time–temperature superposition principle. Ordinary horizontal shifting failed to produce a smooth curve and therefore three alternative approaches were used and compared. The physical ageing rate was, however, characterised with horizontal shifting only at 50◦C and was implemented by means of the effective time theory (Struik, 1977) to correct the momentary master curves for the influence of physical ageing. The resulting predictions are more realistic and demonstrate that the structural changes in a material reduce the creep rate over time. Hence, the long-term creep compliance tends to increase asymptotically towards a finite value, in contrast to the unbounded momentary response.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages24
JournalMechanics of Time-Dependent Materials
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 30 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Creep
Aging of materials
Polymer matrix composites
Sulfides
Thermoplastics
Compliance
Carbon
Aircraft
Industry
Temperature

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • 5HS C/PPS
  • Physical ageing
  • Creep
  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Thermoplastic resin

Cite this

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title = "The influence of physical ageing on the in-plane shear creep compliance of 5HS C/PPS",
abstract = "Thermoplastic polymer-matrix composites, such as carbon woven fabric reinforced poly(phenylene sulphide) (C/PPS), are increasingly used in the aircraft industry. Primary structural applications, however, are limited due to uncertainty concerning the longterm behaviour. Recent work indicated a progressive creep response over time, which would render these materials unusable for such applications. However, the effect of physical ageing was neglected, which is well known to alleviate the creep behaviour and hence physical ageing is rigorously included in this study on the long-term creep response of C/PPS. Shorttermtensile creep tests in the bias direction were performed at temperatures of 50, 60, 65, 70,75 and 80◦C to obtain a master curve using the time–temperature superposition principle. Ordinary horizontal shifting failed to produce a smooth curve and therefore three alternative approaches were used and compared. The physical ageing rate was, however, characterised with horizontal shifting only at 50◦C and was implemented by means of the effective time theory (Struik, 1977) to correct the momentary master curves for the influence of physical ageing. The resulting predictions are more realistic and demonstrate that the structural changes in a material reduce the creep rate over time. Hence, the long-term creep compliance tends to increase asymptotically towards a finite value, in contrast to the unbounded momentary response.",
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The influence of physical ageing on the in-plane shear creep compliance of 5HS C/PPS. / Pierik, E.R.; Grouve, W.J.B.; van Drongelen, M.; Akkerman, R.

In: Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, 30.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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