Poly (L-lactide) (PLLA) fibrous yarns were prepared by electrospinning of polymer solutions in 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol. Applying spinning from two oppositely charged needles the spontaneous formed triangle of fibers at a grounded substrate could be assembled into fibrous yarns using a device consisting of a take-up roller and twister. The effect of processing parameters on the morphology, diameter and mechanical properties of PLLA yarns was investigated by the response surface methodology (RSM). This method allowed evaluating a quantitative relationship between polymer concentration, voltage, take-up rate and distance between the needles' center and the take-up unit on the properties of the electrospun fibers and yarns. It was found that at increasing concentrations up to 9 wt % uniform fibers were obtained with increasing mean diameters. Conversely, the fiber diameter decreased slightly when the applied voltage was increased. The take-up rate had a significant influence on the yarn diameter, which increased as the take-up rate decreased. The tensile strength and modulus of the yarns were correlated with these variables and it was found that the polymer concentration had the largest influence on the mechanical properties of the yarns. By applying the RSM, it was possible to obtain a relationship between processing parameters which are important in the fabrication of electrospun yarns.
- Mechanical properties