The influence of sand particle properties on abrasive wear

Martijn Woldman, E. van der Heide, D.J. Schipper, M.A. Masen, T. Tinga

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review


    For machines operating in a sandy environment such as a desert, the mechanism of abrasion is a main factor leading to excessive wear. Sand particles may enter a machine and become entrapped between moving surfaces. This leads to abrasive wear and, ultimately, failure of the system. In order to prevent failure, knowledge of the abrasive wear process is required, quantified by the wear rate. With this knowledge, maintenance can be planned and performed, thereby reducing downtime and failure of machinery.
    Sand was selected from several locations around the world, with variations in e.g. particle size, shape and hardness. The wear behaviour was investigated by performing dry sand-rubber wheel tests with the varieties of sand on St-52 samples. The sand particles were sieved to determine their size range. Using a confocal microscope the particle shape was characterized and mechanical properties such as hardness were determined by performing nano-indentations. To establish the sands composition and verify its hardness, EDS analyses were carried out. The experimental results show a significant difference in the wear behaviour of the sand varieties tested. The results provide input for a future quantitative model based on [1], describing the wear of systems operating in abrasive environments.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Joint Tribology Conference 2011
    EditorsQ.J. Wang
    Place of PublicationLos Angeles, CA
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2011
    EventASME/STLE 2011 International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2011 - Los Angeles, United States
    Duration: 24 Oct 201126 Oct 2011


    ConferenceASME/STLE 2011 International Joint Tribology Conference, IJTC 2011
    Abbreviated titleIJTC
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityLos Angeles


    • METIS-284209


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