The influence of television on children's fantasy styles: A secondary analysis

Patti M. Valkenburg, Marcel W. Vooijs, Tom H.A. van der Voort, Oene Wiegman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    In a secondary analysis applied to longitudinal data obtained from a panel survey, the authors established how violent and nonviolent television program types were related to three fantasy styles: a positive-intense, aggressive-heroic, and a dysphoric fantasy style. A sample of Dutch children (N = 354) was surveyed when they were in Grades 2 and 4, and resurveyed two years later. Results indicated that children's fantasy styles in Year 1 did not affect their television viewing in Year 3. However, children's viewing frequency in Year 1 did influence their fantasy styles in Year 3. The longitudinal effects of television were dependent on the types of programs watched. Watching nonviolent children's programs encouraged a positive-intense fantasy style, whereas violent programs encouraged an aggressive-heroic fantasy style. Television viewing was unrelated to dysphoric fantasy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)55-66
    Number of pages12
    JournalImagination, cognition and personality
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1992


    • METIS-148902

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