The influence of the horn effect in tyre/road noise

J.H. Schutte, Ysbrand H. Wijnant, Andries de Boer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


The horn effect is known as an important amplification mechanism in tyre/road noise. The name is referring to the geometry between tyre and road surface which resembles an exponential horn. The horn effect is a common subject for both experimental and numerical research. Contrary to previous studies which considered point sources, this paper focusses on the horn effect by simulated tyre vibrations. The amplification of acoustic pressure, however, depends largely on the location of the observer. The sound power can be used as a measure for the horn effect which is independent on the point of observation. In this paper, the sound radiation problem is solved using the boundary element method (BEM). First, a case study considering equivalent point sources is used to validate the accuracy of the boundary element model and solver using experimental results. Next, the vibrations of tyres rolling on textured road surfaces are investigated numerically. The computed tyre vibrations are used to study the horn effect using different tyre designs. The amplification by horn effect is determined by the combined tyre/road geometry and the distribution of the noise. The current method may be used to systematically study the influence of the horn effect, for example, during tyre development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)690-700
JournalAcustica united with Acta Acustica
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • METIS-289949
  • IR-96067


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