The Internet of Things as Smart City Enabler: The Cases of Palo Alto, Nice and Stockholm

Wouter H.N. Evertzen, Robin Effing*, Efthymios Constantinides

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


Due to rapid urbanization, city populations are rapidly increasing all over the world creating new problems and challenges. Solving some of these problems requires innovative approaches; one increasingly popular approach is to transform cities to Smart Cities. Smart Cities implement innovative approaches based on IoT technologies and convert many services to digital services. These services are implemented within the different components of a Smart City, helping city administrators to improve the life of the citizens, addressing different service, security and administrative challenges. The objective of this paper is to explore and determine how three well-known cities - Nice, Palo Alto and Stockholm - implemented the Smart City concept. The study indicates that a successful implementation of a Smart City model requires addressing a number of critical challenges: citizen involvement, business collaboration and strong leadership prove to be key success factors in the Smart City development process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDigital Transformation for a Sustainable Society in the 21st Century
Subtitle of host publication18th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2019, Proceedings
EditorsIlias O. Pappas, Patrick Mikalef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Letizia Jaccheri, John Krogstie, Matti Mäntymäki
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic) 978-3-030-29374-
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-29373-4
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2019
Event18th IFIP Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2019 - Trondheim, Norway
Duration: 18 Sept 201920 Sept 2019
Conference number: 18

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349
NameLecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence
NameLecture Notes in Bioinformatics


Conference18th IFIP Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2019
Abbreviated titleI3E 2019
Internet address


  • E-government
  • Internet of Things
  • IoT
  • IoT infrastructure
  • Smart City
  • Smart City Strategy


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