The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators: The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing

Cristine C. Kores, Dimitri Geskus, Nur Ismail, Meindert Dijkstra, Edward H. Bernhardi, Markus Pollnau

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Distributed-feedback (DFB) laser resonators are widely recognized for their advantage of generating laser emission with extremely narrow linewidth. Our investigation concerns ytterbium-doped amorphous Al2O3 channel waveguides with a corrugated homogeneous Bragg grating inscribed into its SiO2 top cladding, in which a λ/4 phase-shift provides a resonance and allows for laser emission with a linewidth as narrow as a few kHz. Pump absorption imposes a thermal chirp of the grating period, which has implications for the spectral characteristics of the resonator. Thermal effects on the spectral response of a DFB passive resonator were investigated via simulations using Coupled Mode Theory by considering (i) a constant deviation of the grating period or (ii) a chirp with a linear profile. We report an increase of the resonance linewidth up to 15%. This result is due to two factors, namely changes of the grating reflectivity at the resonance frequency up to 2.4% and of the shift of resonance frequency up to 61 pm due to an accumulated phase shift imposed on the grating by the chirp profile. The linewidth decrease due to gain is on the order of 106, which is a much larger value. Nevertheless, according to the Schawlow-Townes equation the linewidth increase of the passive resonator due to a thermal chirp quadratically increases the laser linewidth.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLaser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017
PublisherSPIE
Volume10090
ISBN (Electronic)9781510606210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2017

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Chirp
Linewidth
chirp
Resonator
Resonators
resonators
gratings
Feedback
Gratings
phase shift
Resonance Frequency
Laser
lasers
Phase Shift
Phase shift
Lasers
distributed feedback lasers
ytterbium
profiles
Ytterbium

Keywords

  • Coupled mode theory
  • Distributed-feedback resonators
  • Narrow-linewidth lasers
  • Rare earth doped lasers
  • Thermal chirp
  • Waveguide lasers

Cite this

Kores, C. C., Geskus, D., Ismail, N., Dijkstra, M., Bernhardi, E. H., & Pollnau, M. (2017). The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators: The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing. In Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017 (Vol. 10090). [1009014] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252739
Kores, Cristine C. ; Geskus, Dimitri ; Ismail, Nur ; Dijkstra, Meindert ; Bernhardi, Edward H. ; Pollnau, Markus. / The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators : The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing. Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017. Vol. 10090 SPIE, 2017.
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abstract = "Distributed-feedback (DFB) laser resonators are widely recognized for their advantage of generating laser emission with extremely narrow linewidth. Our investigation concerns ytterbium-doped amorphous Al2O3 channel waveguides with a corrugated homogeneous Bragg grating inscribed into its SiO2 top cladding, in which a λ/4 phase-shift provides a resonance and allows for laser emission with a linewidth as narrow as a few kHz. Pump absorption imposes a thermal chirp of the grating period, which has implications for the spectral characteristics of the resonator. Thermal effects on the spectral response of a DFB passive resonator were investigated via simulations using Coupled Mode Theory by considering (i) a constant deviation of the grating period or (ii) a chirp with a linear profile. We report an increase of the resonance linewidth up to 15{\%}. This result is due to two factors, namely changes of the grating reflectivity at the resonance frequency up to 2.4{\%} and of the shift of resonance frequency up to 61 pm due to an accumulated phase shift imposed on the grating by the chirp profile. The linewidth decrease due to gain is on the order of 106, which is a much larger value. Nevertheless, according to the Schawlow-Townes equation the linewidth increase of the passive resonator due to a thermal chirp quadratically increases the laser linewidth.",
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Kores, CC, Geskus, D, Ismail, N, Dijkstra, M, Bernhardi, EH & Pollnau, M 2017, The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators: The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing. in Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017. vol. 10090, 1009014, SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252739

The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators : The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing. / Kores, Cristine C.; Geskus, Dimitri; Ismail, Nur; Dijkstra, Meindert; Bernhardi, Edward H.; Pollnau, Markus.

Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017. Vol. 10090 SPIE, 2017. 1009014.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - Distributed-feedback (DFB) laser resonators are widely recognized for their advantage of generating laser emission with extremely narrow linewidth. Our investigation concerns ytterbium-doped amorphous Al2O3 channel waveguides with a corrugated homogeneous Bragg grating inscribed into its SiO2 top cladding, in which a λ/4 phase-shift provides a resonance and allows for laser emission with a linewidth as narrow as a few kHz. Pump absorption imposes a thermal chirp of the grating period, which has implications for the spectral characteristics of the resonator. Thermal effects on the spectral response of a DFB passive resonator were investigated via simulations using Coupled Mode Theory by considering (i) a constant deviation of the grating period or (ii) a chirp with a linear profile. We report an increase of the resonance linewidth up to 15%. This result is due to two factors, namely changes of the grating reflectivity at the resonance frequency up to 2.4% and of the shift of resonance frequency up to 61 pm due to an accumulated phase shift imposed on the grating by the chirp profile. The linewidth decrease due to gain is on the order of 106, which is a much larger value. Nevertheless, according to the Schawlow-Townes equation the linewidth increase of the passive resonator due to a thermal chirp quadratically increases the laser linewidth.

AB - Distributed-feedback (DFB) laser resonators are widely recognized for their advantage of generating laser emission with extremely narrow linewidth. Our investigation concerns ytterbium-doped amorphous Al2O3 channel waveguides with a corrugated homogeneous Bragg grating inscribed into its SiO2 top cladding, in which a λ/4 phase-shift provides a resonance and allows for laser emission with a linewidth as narrow as a few kHz. Pump absorption imposes a thermal chirp of the grating period, which has implications for the spectral characteristics of the resonator. Thermal effects on the spectral response of a DFB passive resonator were investigated via simulations using Coupled Mode Theory by considering (i) a constant deviation of the grating period or (ii) a chirp with a linear profile. We report an increase of the resonance linewidth up to 15%. This result is due to two factors, namely changes of the grating reflectivity at the resonance frequency up to 2.4% and of the shift of resonance frequency up to 61 pm due to an accumulated phase shift imposed on the grating by the chirp profile. The linewidth decrease due to gain is on the order of 106, which is a much larger value. Nevertheless, according to the Schawlow-Townes equation the linewidth increase of the passive resonator due to a thermal chirp quadratically increases the laser linewidth.

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Kores CC, Geskus D, Ismail N, Dijkstra M, Bernhardi EH, Pollnau M. The linewidth of distributed feedback resonators: The combined effect of thermally induced chirp and gain narrowing. In Laser Resonators, Microresonators, and Beam Control XIX 2017. Vol. 10090. SPIE. 2017. 1009014 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2252739