The maladaptive Personality traits of the personality inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) in relation to the HEXACO Personality factors and Schizotypy/Dissociation

Michael C. Ashton, Kibeom Lee, Reinout E. de Vries, Joshua Hendrickse, Marise Ph Born

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), a new measure of maladaptive personality traits, has recently been developed by the DSM-5 Personality and Personality Disorders Workgroup. The PID-5 variables were examined within the seven-factor space defined by the six HEXACO factors and the Schizotypy/Dissociation factor (Ashton & Lee, 2012) using participant samples from Canada (N = 378) and the Netherlands (N = 476). Extension analyses showed that several PID-5 facet-level scales represented each of the Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Conscientiousness, and Schizotypy/Dissociation factors. In contrast, only one PID-5 scale loaded strongly on HEXACO Agreeableness, and no PID-5 scales loaded strongly on Openness to Experience. In addition, a joint factor analysis involving the PID-5 variables and facets of the Five-Factor Model was conducted in the Canadian sample and recovered a set of seven factors corresponding rather closely to the HEXACO factors plus Schizotypy/Dissociation. The authors discuss implications for the assessment and structure of normal and abnormal personality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)641-659
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of personality disorders
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes

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