Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of the Mitotic Activity Index (MAI) in combination with the human epidermal growth factor receptor (Her2) for distant metastases-free survival (DMFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) in breast cancer and compare it with the immunohistochemically (IHC) profile types. Methods: Analyses were based on 2.923 breast-conserving breast cancer specimens with known MAI, Her2 status, and hormone receptor status, resulting in 2.678 Her2MAI combinations, MAI ≤ 12/Her2negative, MAI > 12/Her2negative, MAI > 12/Her2positive, and MAI ≤ 12/Her2positive, and 2.560 IHC profile types, luminal A, luminal B, triple negative, and non-luminal Her2positive. Results: For DMFS, the MAI > 12/Her2negative combination showed a significantly worse outcome in multivariate analyses compared to the MAI ≤ 12/Her2negative combination. None of the IHC profile types showed significantly different outcomes for DMFS and DSS as compared to luminal A. We performed a separate analysis on age and lymph node status. The significance of MAI > 12/Her2negative seems to be limited to women ≤ 55 years for both DMFS and DSS. However, with respect to DSS, this seems to be limited to node negative cases. The IHC profile types for DSS, luminal B showed a significantly worse outcome for women > 55 years compared to that for luminal A, although it showed rather wide confidence interval. Conclusion: The MAI > 12/Her2negative combination seems to be a strong prognosticator for DMFS and DSS, particularly for women ≤ 55 years. However, none of the IHC profile types seems to be a prognosticator in breast cancer.
- Breast cancer
- Human epidermal growth factor receptor
- Mitotic Activity Index