The Modular Socket System as Rural Solution in Indonesia

R.B. Giesberts, Liezel Ennion, Olle Hjelmström, Knut Lechler, E.E.G. Hekman, A. Bergsma

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

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    INTRODUCTION: The majority of the people in low-income countries, who need assistive technology do not have access to prosthetic devices [1]. Instead of these people having to make a long journey to one of the few prosthetic workshops, solutions like the Modular Socket System (MSS, Össur®) may be useful, because potentially they could be delivered and manufactured on site, at the location of the person [2]. This could make it suitable for application in a Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR) setting.The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility of the MSS for implementation in a CBR setting in terms of required tools, skills and required production time.

    METHODS: The study was performed at the Department of Prosthetics & Orthotics of the Jakarta I Polytechnic School of Health Science (JSPO). Four JSPO students received a three days training in manufacturing of the MSS. Lower limb amputees were recruited to participate in this study from the region of Jakarta (n = 5) and Bali (n = 10). A set of standardized instruments including the two minutes’ walking test (2MWT) and Prosthesis Evaluation Questionnaire (PEQ) were used to measure performance and satisfaction with the prosthesis. Production and maintenance logbooks were filled out by the involved prosthetists to evaluate the technical feasibility of the MSS.

    RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: Performance (2MWT) and satisfaction (PEQ) scores were comparable to that of similar studies with other lower leg prostheses [3,4]. Both measures did not decrease significantly over time (Figure 1). This suggest that the JSPO students were able to reach sufficient quality.It took the prosthetists 3.5 to 10.5 hours to fit an amputee with a MSS prosthesis. Mean socket production time was 2.0±0.6 hours and mean prosthesis assembly and fitting time was 4.1±2.6 hours. The only non-portable machine needed for the production of the prosthesis was a grinding machine (router). Smaller portable machines used were a cast cutter/jigsaw, Icecast® Compact and resin injection tool. If in the future the grinding machine will be replaced by a handheld tool, production of the MSS could be performed on site, making it suitable for use in a rural setting. Figure 1: The results of the 2MWT at the moment of fitting (t0), at 1-3 months post fitting (t1), and at the end evaluation at 4-6 months post fitting (t2).

    CONCLUSIONS: Patients who normally have to travel long distances to access prosthetic services were only required to make one visit to the health facility in order to receive a prosthesis. From a technical and quality perspective the method seems feasible, although, high costs remain an issue.ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSMaterials and training for the production of all prostheses were sponsored by Össur®.

    REFERENCES: 1.Borg J, et al. Assistive Technology for Children with Disabilities: Creating Opportunities for Education, Inclusion and Participation - a discussion paper. 20152.Normann E, et al., Prosthetics and orthotics international. 35(1):76-80, 20113.Boonstra AM, et al. Prosthetics and orthotics international. 17(2):78-82, 19934.Zidarov D, et al. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 90(4):634-645, 2009

    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2017
    EventXXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, ISB 2017 - Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, Brisbane, Australia
    Duration: 23 Jul 201727 Jul 2017
    Conference number: 26


    ConferenceXXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics, ISB 2017
    Abbreviated titleISB 2017


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