The multidimensional role of science parks in attracting international knowledge migrants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

There is a tendency to think in primarily economic terms (e.g., economic and financial opportunities) when considering how major science, technology and business spaces, also known as science parks (e.g., Silicon Valley, USA; Science Vale, UK), attract international knowledge migrants (IKMs) from the global knowledge economy. However, other elements that make places attractive for IKMs to achieve desirable standards of living are often not sufficiently addressed in the recent literature. Using a single case study of the Dutch science park Novel-T, this paper investigates how science parks can deliberately be created to attract and retain IKMs using a new multidimensional model for understanding the attractive effects of science parks on human capital. The fieldwork element involved 20 semi-structured face-to-face interviews, which were analyzed using a narrative analysis technique. The results of the case study show that science parks should be understood as multidimensional networks that trigger both a social attraction effect for IKMs as well as regional economic development and growth. The importance of the spatial design of science parks as well as the creation of a highly international atmosphere were found to be two influential factors in attracting IKMs to a particular science park in a peripheral region. Moreover, the results show that the deliberate construction of a science park with four intended operational effects is not a simple and controllable process, since some operational effects (e.g., external recognition) appear to be more controllable than others (e.g., internal social dynamics).
LanguageEnglish
Pages218-226
JournalRegional studies, regional science
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Oct 2017

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migrant
science
Science parks
Migrants
peripheral region
economics
human capital
living standard
knowledge economy
science and technology
standard of living
silicon
fieldwork
social attraction
economic growth
economic development
valley
effect
narrative
atmosphere

Keywords

  • global knowledge economy
  • human capital
  • multidimensional model
  • spatial design
  • science parks
  • peripheral region

Cite this

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The multidimensional role of science parks in attracting international knowledge migrants. / Eckardt, Franziska .

In: Regional studies, regional science, Vol. 4, No. 1, 25.10.2017, p. 218-226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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