The Nature of the Entrepreneurship Process: Causation, Effectuation, and Pragmatism

Jeroen Kraaijenbrink

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)


    This chapter is an appreciation of and a critical reflection on Sarasvathy's work on the causation and effectuation models of entrepreneurship. While Sarasvathy has made significant contributions to the field, it is suggested that more fruitful results can be achieved if two modifications are made. First, it is argued that the six dimensions on which the two models differ are independent and therefore it is more fruitful to focus on the dimensions rather than on the two models. Second, it is argued that a pragmatic view of entrepreneurship is most fruitful when it is not applied at the level of the entrepreneurial process, but at the level of underlying human actions.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNew Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium
    EditorsAard Groen, Ray Oakey, Peter van der Sijde, Gary Cook
    Place of PublicationBingley, UK
    ISBN (Electronic)978-1-78052-119-0
    ISBN (Print)978-1-78052-118-3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Publication series

    NameNew Technology Based Firms in the New Millennium
    ISSN (Print)1876-0228


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