The Ontology for Conceptual Characterization of Ontologies

Beatriz Franco Martins*, Renata Guizzardi - Silva Souza, José Fabián Reyes Román, Moshe Hadad, Oscar Pastor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

1 Downloads (Pure)


Ontologies as computational artifacts have been seen as a solution to FAIRness due to their characteristics, applications, and semantic competencies. Conceptualizations of complex and vast domains can be fragmented in different ways and can compose what is known as ontology networks. Thus, the ontologies produced can relate to each other in many different ways, making the ontological artifacts themselves subject to FAIRness. The problem is that in the Ontology Engineering Process, stakeholders take different perspectives of the conceptualizations, and this causes ontologies to have biases that are sometimes more ontological and sometimes more related to the domain. Besides, usually, Ontology Engineers provide well-grounded reference ontologies, but rarely are they implemented. At the same time, Domain Specialists produce operational ontologies storing large amounts of valid data but with naive ontological support or even without any. We address this problem of lack of consensual conceptualization by proposing a reference conceptual model (O4OA) that considers ontological-related and domain-related perspectives, knowledge, and commitment necessary to facilitate the process of Ontological Analysis, including the analysis of ontologies composing an ontology network. Indeed, O4OA is a (meta)ontology grounded in the Unified Foundational Ontology (UFO) and supported by well-known ontological classification standards, guides, and FAIR principles. We demonstrate how this approach can suitably promote conceptual clarification and terminological harmonization in this area through our framework proposal and its case studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConceptual Modeling - 42nd International Conference, ER 2023, Proceedings
EditorsJoão Paulo A. Almeida, José Borbinha, Giancarlo Guizzardi, Sebastian Link, Jelena Zdravkovic
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-47262-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-47261-9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print/First online - 29 Oct 2023
Event42nd International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2023 - Congress Center of the Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 6 Nov 20239 Nov 2023
Conference number: 42

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume14320 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference42nd International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2023
Abbreviated titleER
Internet address


  • FAIR
  • Interoperability
  • Ontological Analysis
  • Ontology Networks
  • Reuse
  • 2023 OA procedure


Dive into the research topics of 'The Ontology for Conceptual Characterization of Ontologies'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this