The outcome of failed endografts inserted for superficial femoral artery occlusive disease

Mare M.A. Lensvelt, Bahar Golchehr, Rombout R. Kruse, Suzanne Holewijn, Laurens A. Van Walraven, Wilbert M. Fritschy, Clark J. Zeebregts, Michel M.P.J. Reijnen* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Endografts represent a relatively new treatment modality for occlusive disease of the superficial femoral artery, with promising results. However, endografts may occlude collateral arteries, which may affect outcome in case of failure. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical outcome of failed endografts in patients with superficial femoral artery occlusive disease. Methods: All patients treated with one or more polytetrafluorethylene- covered stents between November 2001 and December 2011 were prospectively included in a database. Patients with a failure of the endograft were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and hemodynamic parameters were assessed before the initial procedure and at the time of failure. Outcome of secondary procedures was analyzed. Results: Among the 341 patients who were treated during the study period, 49 (14.4%) failed during follow-up. Mean (standard deviation) Rutherford category at failure did not differ from the category as scored before the initial procedure (3.1 [1.3] vs 3.3 [0.6]; P =.33). Forty-three percent of patients (n = 21) presented with the same Rutherford category as before the initial procedure, 37% (n = 18) with an improved category, and 20% (n = 10) with a deteriorated category. The ankle-brachial index was significantly lower at the time of failure (0.66 [0.19] vs 0.45 [0.19[; P <.002). Seventy-six percent of patients with a failure needed secondary surgery, of which 25% were below knee. The 1-year primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency rates of secondary bypasses were 55.1%, 62.3%, and 77.7%, respectively. The amputation rate was 4.1% (n = 2). Conclusions: Failure of endografts is not associated with a deterioration in clinical state and is related to a low amputation rate. The hypothesis that covered stents do not affect options for secondary reconstructions could not be confirmed, as 25% of patients with a failure underwent a below-knee bypass. Secondary surgical bypasses are correlated with poor patency. The amputation rate after failure is low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-420
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of vascular surgery
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

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    Lensvelt, M. M. A., Golchehr, B., Kruse, R. R., Holewijn, S., Van Walraven, L. A., Fritschy, W. M., ... Reijnen, M. M. P. J. (2013). The outcome of failed endografts inserted for superficial femoral artery occlusive disease. Journal of vascular surgery, 57(2), 415-420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2012.08.068