Packaging can be considered as an element of communication in the market-place. By communicating through packaging, marketers are able to appeal to consumers at the most crucial moment in the consumer decision journey: the point of sale. At the point of sale, consumers are able to consider the purchase of a product by evaluating the visual and tactile attributes of its packaging. Marketers increasingly become aware of the powerful role of packaging as a communication tool, which is reflected in the recognition of the capacity of packaging to create product differentiation and identity within product categories that are relatively homogenous, such as FMCG's (Bertrand, 2002; Underwood, 2003). Moreover, some brands (e.g., Dorset Cereals and Innocent Smoothies) have managed to grow towards the top of the market by allocating their advertising budgets almost entirely to their packaging design. Indeed, visual attributes, such as aesthetic appearance but also logos and product claims on the package, have shown to affect product evaluation and preference (Deighton, 1992; Ford, Smith, & Swasy, 1990; van Grinsven & Das, 2014). In this chapter however, we argue that the power of “packvertising” goes beyond the view of packaging as a vehicle that communicates logos, product claims and product descriptions. More specifically, we propose that packaging has the ability to communicate symbolic meaning through unobtrusive features in its design. These features may affect product evaluations implicitly, by drawing from automatic associations that have developed during consumers’ interactions with the world.
|Title of host publication||Advances in Advertising Research|
|Subtitle of host publication||The digital, the classic, the subtle, and the alternative|
|Editors||Peeter Verlegh, Hilde Voorveld, Martin Eisend|
|Place of Publication||Wiesbaden|
|ISBN (Print)||978-3-658-10557-0, 978-3-658-14082-3|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Name||European Advertising Academy|