The predictive value of anthropometric indices for cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese children and adolescents: A national multicenter school-based study

Yamei Li, Zhiyong Zou, Jiayou Luo, Jun Ma, Yinghua Ma, Jin Jing, Xin Zhang, Chunyan Luo, Hong Wang, Haiping Zhao, Dehong Pan, Peng Jia, Bamidele O. Tayo (Editor)

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Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the accuracy of body mass index (BMI) percentile, waist circumference (WC) percentile, waist-height ratio, and waist-hip ratio for identifying cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese children and adolescents stratified by sex and BMI categories.

Methods: We measured anthropometric indices, fasting plasma glucose, lipid profile and blood pressure for 15698 participants aged 6–17 in a national survey between September and December 2013. The predictive accuracy of anthropometric indices for cardiometabolic risk factors was examined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses. The DeLong test and Z test were used for the comparisons of areas under ROC curves (AUCs).

Results: The prevalence of impaired fasting glucose, dyslipidemia, hypertension and cluster of risk factors were 2.9%, 27.3%, 10.5% and 5.7% respectively. The four anthropometric indices showed poor to fair discriminatory ability for cardiometabolic risk factors with the AUCs ranging from 0.53–0.72. Each index performed significantly better AUCs for dyslipidemia (0.59–0.63 vs. 0.56–0.59), hypertension (0.62–0.70 vs. 0.55–0.65) and clustered risk factors (0.70–0.73 vs. 0.60–0.64) in boys than that in girls. BMI percentile performed the best accuracy for hypertension in both sexes; WC percentile had the highest AUC for dyslipidemia and BMI percentile and waist-height ratio performed similarly the best AUCs for clustered risk factors in boys while BMI percentile, WC percentile and waist-height ratio performed similar and better AUCs for dyslipidemia and clustered risk factors in girls; whereas waist-hip ratio was consistently the poorest predictor for them regardless of sex. Though the anthropometric indices were more predictive of dyslipidemia, hypertension and clustered risk factors in overweight/obese group compared to their normal BMI peers, the AUCs in overweight/obese group remained in the poor range below 0.70.

Conclusions: Anthropometric indices are not effective screening tools for pediatric cardiometabolic risk factors, even in overweight/obese children.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0227954
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • ITC-ISI-JOURNAL-ARTICLE
  • ITC-GOLD

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