Conditions for a phrase-structure grammar (Chomsky 0-type grammar) are established which warrant that any of its derivations univocally defines a syntactical structure of the sentence. The simplifications for the particular cases of context-sensitive and context-free grammars are indicated.
Eickel, J., & Loeckx, J. (1972). The relation between derivations and syntactical structures in phrase-structure grammars. Journal of computer and system sciences, 6(3), 267-282. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-0000(72)80006-0