The responsibility to prevent, the duty to educate

Zohar Lederman*, Alexandra Cernat, Eleonora Gregori Ferri, Franco Galbo, Guiomar Micol Andrea Levi-Setti, Mayli Mertens, Bryanna Moore, Olga Riklikiene, Jamie Vescio, Sheena Eagan Chamberlin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We are participants and instructors of Yale University’s 2015 Sherwin B. Nuland Summer Institute in Bioethics. We took part in a seminar that critically examined the problem of dual loyalty and medical ethics in times of conflict, war, and genocide. While health care professionals (HCPs) commit themselves to the health and wellbeing of their individual patients, they may occasionally be called upon to serve the governing authority in ways that conflict with this commitment. Specifically, military HCPs may encounter situations in which ethical tensions arise between the obligations owed to individual patients and those owed to their commanders and the military mission. This seemingly conflicting set of obligations held by the military HCP is commonly referred to as ‘the problem of dual loyalty’ or ‘mixed-agency’ [1, 2].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-236
Number of pages4
JournalTheoretical medicine and bioethics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016


  • Conflict
  • Dual loyalty
  • Medical education
  • n/a OA procedure

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