The role of emulsifier in stabilization of emulsions containing colloidal alumina particles

Victoria Dutschk, J. Chen, G. Petzold, R. Vogel, D. Clausse, F. Rivera, L. Liggieri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper focuses on the study on rheological behaviour of emulsions, stabilized by both differently modified dispersible colloidal Boehmite alumina nanoparticles and a non-ionic emulsifier. Hysteresis loop measurements and dynamic rheological measurements were carried out in linear and non-linear regimes on two different emulsion systems – water-in-oil (W/O) and oil-in-water (O/W) emulsions. Emulsion stabilized by a combination of moderately hydrophobic particles and a non-ionic emulsifier is an O/W emulsion. The addition of emulsifier improved the stability, however, did not show a significant influence on the emulsion flow behaviour. The emulsion, stabilized by both – nanoparticles and emulsifier – showed a complicated behaviour, i.e. sometimes it exhibited thixotropy or antithixotropy and sometimes both of them. Emulsion stabilized by rather hydrophobic particles and a non-polar emulsifier is a W/O emulsion. The emulsion is very homogenous and exhibited very weak thixotropy. Dynamic measurements showed that G’ was almost equal to G” and both parameters were frequency-dependent, indicating a viscous liquid-like system with little network structure if any. With addition of emulsifier, the rather elastic solid-like emulsion structure may be changed into the viscous liquid-like structure. In order to get a better understanding of relationships between rheological behaviour and microstructure, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results and optical microscopic images of the emulsions studied were discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-247
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and surfaces A: Physicochemical and engineering aspects
Volume413
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • IR-81606
  • METIS-284716

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