The role of pulse repetition rate on picosecond pulsed laser processing of Zn and Zn-coated steel

H. Mustafa*, D.T.A. Matthews, G.R.B.E. Römer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
142 Downloads (Pure)


Zinc and zinc-coated steel is processed with a picosecond laser source at a wavelength of 1030 and 515 nm to investigate the effect of time between consecutive pulses, i.e. pulse repetition rate on the laser ablation efficiency, in terms of maximum achievable depth of the ablated crater, material removal rate and processing quality. With increasing pulse repetition rate up to 40 kHz and number of pulses on the same location, material removal rate increases due to heat accumulation, while the maximum achievable depth decreases due to particle shielding for both zinc and zinc coated steel. It was found that, unlike the zinc-coated sample, both material removal rate and achievable depth is enhanced for bulk zinc at high repetition rates, due to a greater degree of heat accumulation than particle shielding. Using a numerical heat flow model, it is shown that the difference between bulk zinc and zinc-coated steel stems from the steel substrate that effectively acts as a heat sink for the absorbed energy in the zinc coating, inhibiting a higher degree of heat accumulation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106408
JournalOptics & Laser Technology
Early online date23 Jun 2020
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020


  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • Pulse repetition rate
  • Polycrystalline zinc
  • Galvanized steel
  • Material removal rate
  • Ultrashort pulsed laser


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