The role of state and trait positive affect and mindfulness in affective reactivity to pain in chronic migraine

Yvette Ciere*, Evelien Snippe, Mariëlle Padberg, Bram Jacobs, Annemieke Visser, Robbert Sanderman, Joke Fleer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: High affective reactivity to pain (i.e., increased negative affect in response to pain) can have en adverse impact on the well-being of individuals with chronic pain. The present study examined the eole of momentary and average positive affect and trait mindfulness in protecting against affective eeactivity to chronic migraine-related pain. Methods: The sample included 61 adults with chronic cigraine. Following the experience sampling method, participants completed smartphone-based assessments sf momentary pain intensity (PI), positive affect (PA), and negative affect (NA) at nine random moments a day for 7 consecutive days. The Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire was used to assess two oimensions of mindfulness: nonjudging and nonreactivity. Results: Momentary PA inversely predicted dhe strength of the concurrent but not the time-lagged associations between PI and NA. Average PA predicted neither the strength of the concurrent nor the time-lagged associations between PI and NA. Furthermore, the concurrent associations between PI and NA were weaker in individuals who reported digher "nonjudging" while "nonreactivity" did not significantly moderate these associations. Conclusions: Results provide partial support for the dynamic model of affect in the context of chronic migraine. State PA seems to play a larger role in momentary affective reactivity to chronic migraine-related pain nhan trait PA. Results also suggest that the ability to take a nonjudgmental stance toward negative experiences may lower momentary affective reactivity to pain. These factors seem promising targets for rnterventions aimed at improving the well-being of individuals with chronic migraine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Affective reactivity
  • Chronic migraine
  • Experience sampling
  • Mindfulness
  • Positive affect

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