The Root Canal Biofilm

L.W.M. van der Sluis, C. Boutsioukis, L.M. Jiang, R. Macedo, B. Verhaagen, Michel Versluis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The aims of root canal irrigation are the chemical dissolution or disruption and the mechanical detachment of pulp tissue, dentin debris and smear layer (instrumentation products), microorganisms (planktonic or biofilm), and their products from the root canal wall, their removal out of the root canal system. Each of the endodontic irrigation systems has its own irrigant flow characteristics, which should fulfill these aims. Without flow (convection), the irrigant would have to be distributed through diffusion. This process is slow and depends on temperature and concentration gradients. On the other hand, convection is a faster and more efficient transport mechanism. During irrigant flow, frictional forces will occur, for example, between the irrigant and the root canal wall (wall shear stress). In this chapter the irrigant flow and wall shear stress produced by different irrigation systems will be described. Furthermore, the effect of the flow on the biofilm and the chemical effect of irrigants on the biofilm will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoot Canal Irrigation
EditorsE. Chávez de Paz, C.M. Sedgley, A. Kishen
Place of PublicationBerlin Heidelberg
PublisherSpringer
Pages259-301
Number of pages43
ISBN (Print)978-3-662-47414-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Publication series

NameSpringer Series on Biofilms
PublisherSpringer-Verlag
Number9

Fingerprint

canals (waterways)
biofilm
irrigation systems
shear stress
mechanical pulp
irrigation canals
instrumentation
teeth
microorganisms
temperature

Keywords

  • IR-99977
  • METIS-316120

Cite this

van der Sluis, L. W. M., Boutsioukis, C., Jiang, L. M., Macedo, R., Verhaagen, B., & Versluis, M. (2015). The Root Canal Biofilm. In E. Chávez de Paz, C. M. Sedgley, & A. Kishen (Eds.), Root Canal Irrigation (pp. 259-301). (Springer Series on Biofilms; No. 9). Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47415-0_9
van der Sluis, L.W.M. ; Boutsioukis, C. ; Jiang, L.M. ; Macedo, R. ; Verhaagen, B. ; Versluis, Michel. / The Root Canal Biofilm. Root Canal Irrigation. editor / E. Chávez de Paz ; C.M. Sedgley ; A. Kishen. Berlin Heidelberg : Springer, 2015. pp. 259-301 (Springer Series on Biofilms; 9).
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van der Sluis, LWM, Boutsioukis, C, Jiang, LM, Macedo, R, Verhaagen, B & Versluis, M 2015, The Root Canal Biofilm. in E Chávez de Paz, CM Sedgley & A Kishen (eds), Root Canal Irrigation. Springer Series on Biofilms, no. 9, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, pp. 259-301. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47415-0_9

The Root Canal Biofilm. / van der Sluis, L.W.M.; Boutsioukis, C.; Jiang, L.M.; Macedo, R.; Verhaagen, B.; Versluis, Michel.

Root Canal Irrigation. ed. / E. Chávez de Paz; C.M. Sedgley; A. Kishen. Berlin Heidelberg : Springer, 2015. p. 259-301 (Springer Series on Biofilms; No. 9).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

TY - CHAP

T1 - The Root Canal Biofilm

AU - van der Sluis, L.W.M.

AU - Boutsioukis, C.

AU - Jiang, L.M.

AU - Macedo, R.

AU - Verhaagen, B.

AU - Versluis, Michel

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The aims of root canal irrigation are the chemical dissolution or disruption and the mechanical detachment of pulp tissue, dentin debris and smear layer (instrumentation products), microorganisms (planktonic or biofilm), and their products from the root canal wall, their removal out of the root canal system. Each of the endodontic irrigation systems has its own irrigant flow characteristics, which should fulfill these aims. Without flow (convection), the irrigant would have to be distributed through diffusion. This process is slow and depends on temperature and concentration gradients. On the other hand, convection is a faster and more efficient transport mechanism. During irrigant flow, frictional forces will occur, for example, between the irrigant and the root canal wall (wall shear stress). In this chapter the irrigant flow and wall shear stress produced by different irrigation systems will be described. Furthermore, the effect of the flow on the biofilm and the chemical effect of irrigants on the biofilm will be discussed.

AB - The aims of root canal irrigation are the chemical dissolution or disruption and the mechanical detachment of pulp tissue, dentin debris and smear layer (instrumentation products), microorganisms (planktonic or biofilm), and their products from the root canal wall, their removal out of the root canal system. Each of the endodontic irrigation systems has its own irrigant flow characteristics, which should fulfill these aims. Without flow (convection), the irrigant would have to be distributed through diffusion. This process is slow and depends on temperature and concentration gradients. On the other hand, convection is a faster and more efficient transport mechanism. During irrigant flow, frictional forces will occur, for example, between the irrigant and the root canal wall (wall shear stress). In this chapter the irrigant flow and wall shear stress produced by different irrigation systems will be described. Furthermore, the effect of the flow on the biofilm and the chemical effect of irrigants on the biofilm will be discussed.

KW - IR-99977

KW - METIS-316120

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T3 - Springer Series on Biofilms

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BT - Root Canal Irrigation

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van der Sluis LWM, Boutsioukis C, Jiang LM, Macedo R, Verhaagen B, Versluis M. The Root Canal Biofilm. In Chávez de Paz E, Sedgley CM, Kishen A, editors, Root Canal Irrigation. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer. 2015. p. 259-301. (Springer Series on Biofilms; 9). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47415-0_9