The Sensitive Artificial Listner: an induction technique for generating emotionally coloured conversation

Ellen Douglas-Cowie, Roddy Cowie, Cate Cox, Noam Amier, Dirk K.J. Heylen

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    The aim of the paper is to document and share an induction technique (The Sensitive Artificial Listener) that generates data that can be both tractable and reasonably naturalistic. The technique focuses on conversation between a human and an agent that either is or appears to be a machine. It is designed to capture a broad spectrum of emotional states, expressed in ‘emotionally coloured discourse’ of the type likely to be displayed in everyday conversation. The technique is based on the observation that it is possible for two people to have a conversation in which one pays little or no attention to the meaning of what the other says, and chooses responses on the basis of superficial cues. In SAL, system responses take the form of a repertoire of stock phrases keyed to the emotional colouring of what the user says. The technique has been used to collect data of sufficient quantity and quality to train machine recognition systems.
    Original languageUndefined
    Title of host publicationLREC Workshop on Corpora for Research on Emotion and Affect
    EditorsL. Devillers, J-C. Martin, R. Cowie, E. Douglas-Cowie, A. Batliner
    Place of PublicationParis, France
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Print)2-9517408-4-0
    Publication statusPublished - 2008
    EventLREC Workshop on Corpora for Research on Emotion and Affect - Marrakech, Marokko
    Duration: 26 May 200826 May 2008

    Publication series

    NumberWP 08-02


    WorkshopLREC Workshop on Corpora for Research on Emotion and Affect
    Other26 May 2008


    • EC Grant Agreement nr.: FP7/211486
    • EWI-14915
    • METIS-255138
    • IR-65319
    • HMI-IA: Intelligent Agents

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