The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

Abstract

About a decade ago it was shown that the Simon effect, the tendency to react towards the side of a stimulus when its location is irrelevant, also occurs when stimuli have to be retrieved from memory. Recently, it was proposed that spatial attention may be responsible for this effect as it might select the relevant object in spatial working memory. An experiment employing the electroencephalogram (EEG) was carried out in which a colored frame (blue, yellow, green, or red) indicated what colored stimulus, one out of four presented in separate quadrants, was the target. The frame occurred either before, simultaneously with, or after the stimuli. In the latter case, the stimuli were first masked and were no longer visible, implying that they had to be retrieved from memory. Simon effects were observed in all conditions, implying that responses were also faster when the side of the to-be-memorized stimulus and the required response side corresponded. Importantly, determination of a newly derived EEG measure, the lateralized power spectra (LPS) in this condition revealed increased ipsilateral occipitoparietal power at around 500 ms after frame onset in the alpha band, supporting the view that attention was directed towards the location of the to-be-memorized item.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventNeuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland - Krakow, Poland
Duration: 9 May 201311 May 2013

Conference

ConferenceNeuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland
CountryPoland
CityKrakow
Period9/05/1311/05/13

Fingerprint

Stimulus
Electroencephalogram
Experiment
Working Memory
Spatial Attention
Onset
Visible

Keywords

  • IR-88008

Cite this

van der Lubbe, R. H. J. (2013). The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention. Paper presented at Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland, Krakow, Poland.
van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes. / The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention. Paper presented at Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland, Krakow, Poland.
@conference{e8b4c95491d64c09b73873d7919260ee,
title = "The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention",
abstract = "About a decade ago it was shown that the Simon effect, the tendency to react towards the side of a stimulus when its location is irrelevant, also occurs when stimuli have to be retrieved from memory. Recently, it was proposed that spatial attention may be responsible for this effect as it might select the relevant object in spatial working memory. An experiment employing the electroencephalogram (EEG) was carried out in which a colored frame (blue, yellow, green, or red) indicated what colored stimulus, one out of four presented in separate quadrants, was the target. The frame occurred either before, simultaneously with, or after the stimuli. In the latter case, the stimuli were first masked and were no longer visible, implying that they had to be retrieved from memory. Simon effects were observed in all conditions, implying that responses were also faster when the side of the to-be-memorized stimulus and the required response side corresponded. Importantly, determination of a newly derived EEG measure, the lateralized power spectra (LPS) in this condition revealed increased ipsilateral occipitoparietal power at around 500 ms after frame onset in the alpha band, supporting the view that attention was directed towards the location of the to-be-memorized item.",
keywords = "IR-88008",
author = "{van der Lubbe}, {Robert Henricus Johannes}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
note = "Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland ; Conference date: 09-05-2013 Through 11-05-2013",

}

van der Lubbe, RHJ 2013, 'The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention' Paper presented at Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland, Krakow, Poland, 9/05/13 - 11/05/13, .

The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention. / van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes.

2013. Paper presented at Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland, Krakow, Poland.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

TY - CONF

T1 - The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention

AU - van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - About a decade ago it was shown that the Simon effect, the tendency to react towards the side of a stimulus when its location is irrelevant, also occurs when stimuli have to be retrieved from memory. Recently, it was proposed that spatial attention may be responsible for this effect as it might select the relevant object in spatial working memory. An experiment employing the electroencephalogram (EEG) was carried out in which a colored frame (blue, yellow, green, or red) indicated what colored stimulus, one out of four presented in separate quadrants, was the target. The frame occurred either before, simultaneously with, or after the stimuli. In the latter case, the stimuli were first masked and were no longer visible, implying that they had to be retrieved from memory. Simon effects were observed in all conditions, implying that responses were also faster when the side of the to-be-memorized stimulus and the required response side corresponded. Importantly, determination of a newly derived EEG measure, the lateralized power spectra (LPS) in this condition revealed increased ipsilateral occipitoparietal power at around 500 ms after frame onset in the alpha band, supporting the view that attention was directed towards the location of the to-be-memorized item.

AB - About a decade ago it was shown that the Simon effect, the tendency to react towards the side of a stimulus when its location is irrelevant, also occurs when stimuli have to be retrieved from memory. Recently, it was proposed that spatial attention may be responsible for this effect as it might select the relevant object in spatial working memory. An experiment employing the electroencephalogram (EEG) was carried out in which a colored frame (blue, yellow, green, or red) indicated what colored stimulus, one out of four presented in separate quadrants, was the target. The frame occurred either before, simultaneously with, or after the stimuli. In the latter case, the stimuli were first masked and were no longer visible, implying that they had to be retrieved from memory. Simon effects were observed in all conditions, implying that responses were also faster when the side of the to-be-memorized stimulus and the required response side corresponded. Importantly, determination of a newly derived EEG measure, the lateralized power spectra (LPS) in this condition revealed increased ipsilateral occipitoparietal power at around 500 ms after frame onset in the alpha band, supporting the view that attention was directed towards the location of the to-be-memorized item.

KW - IR-88008

M3 - Paper

ER -

van der Lubbe RHJ. The Simon effect towards memorized locations: EEG support for the involvement of attention. 2013. Paper presented at Neuronus 2013 IBRO & IRUN Neuroscience Forum, May 9-11th 2013, Krakow, Poland, Krakow, Poland.