Throughout the world the creation of successful technology districts has become a major issue for public policy makers. This paper analyses the potential role of the state in entrepreneurship and the creation of technology districts, and outlines implications for China's social market economy. We identify three types of technology districts: (1) market-driven technology districts such as Silicon Valley in the USA and Cambridge in the UK; (2) state-driven technology districts targeting foreign multinational companies, such as Sophia Antipolis in France and Singapore; (3) state-driven technology districts which nurture local companies, such as the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Taiwan. We believe that these three typologies provide the foundation for better understanding the potential role of the state in science and technology for China in the early 21st century.
Millar-Schijf, C. C. J. M., Choi, C. J., & Chu, R. T. J. (2005). The State in Science, Technology and Innovation Districts: Conceptual Models for China. Technology analysis & strategic management, 17(3), 367-373. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537320500211722