TY - JOUR

T1 - The stress system in a suspension of heavy particles: antisymmetric contribution

AU - Prosperetti, Andrea

AU - Zhang, Q.

AU - Ichiki, K.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The nature of the stress in a suspension of equal homogeneous spheres all subject to the same force, such as weight, is considered; inertial effects are neglected. This study builds upon some of the well-known work devoted to this problem by the founder of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Professor George K. Batchelor. After developing a general theory, the antisymmetric part of the stress tensor is considered in detail. It is shown that, in addition to a term already found by Batchelor and characterized by an axial vector, the antisymmetric stress contains another term characterized by the curl of a polar vector. As a consequence, a suspension will possess, in addition to an axial vortex viscosity, a polar vortex viscosity. Appendix C presents a calculation of the hindrance function for rotation correct to the first order in the particle volume fraction.

AB - The nature of the stress in a suspension of equal homogeneous spheres all subject to the same force, such as weight, is considered; inertial effects are neglected. This study builds upon some of the well-known work devoted to this problem by the founder of the Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Professor George K. Batchelor. After developing a general theory, the antisymmetric part of the stress tensor is considered in detail. It is shown that, in addition to a term already found by Batchelor and characterized by an axial vector, the antisymmetric stress contains another term characterized by the curl of a polar vector. As a consequence, a suspension will possess, in addition to an axial vortex viscosity, a polar vortex viscosity. Appendix C presents a calculation of the hindrance function for rotation correct to the first order in the particle volume fraction.

U2 - 10.1017/S0022112006009402

DO - 10.1017/S0022112006009402

M3 - Article

SN - 0022-1120

VL - 554

SP - 125

EP - 146

JO - Journal of fluid mechanics

JF - Journal of fluid mechanics

ER -