The trajectory of marine debris from Cirebon City Estuary, West Java, Indonesia

Muhammad R.A. Akbar, Junianto, Ibnu Faizal, Noir P. Purba*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Marine debris is a global issue due to its negative impact on the marine environment, marine biota, and human health. The current study aimed to predict the spreading of marine debris in the surface water to analyze the stranded area in the coast of Cirebon. The research area was located in the four estuaries. The method used combines portable artificial debris tracking with GPS, visual naked eye observation and a trajectory model. The simulation used the General NOAA Operational Modeling Environment (GNOME) suite, a set of modeling software tools for predicting the fate and transport of pollutants. The simulation was based on different types of waste at high and low tides. The results showed that waste movement is mainly affected by wind, ocean currents and tidal patterns. The direction of waste in each season follows the seasonal pattern. Marine debris pollution occurred during the South East Monsoon period in several areas, including Gunung Jati, Bondet and Klayan. The pollution also occurred during the North West Monsoon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2620-2628
Number of pages9
JournalAACL Bioflux
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Marine debris
  • Marine pollution
  • Modeling
  • Ocean currents


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