The Trimerization of Isocyanate-Functionalized Prepolymers: An Effective Method for Synthesizing Well-Defined Polymer Networks

Piet J. Driest (Corresponding Author), Dirk J. Dijkstra, Dimitrios Stamatialis, Dirk W. Grijpma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

For the study of polymer networks, having access to polymer networks with a controlled and well-defined microscopic network structure is of great importance. However, typically, such networks are difficult to synthesize. In this work, a simple, effective, and widely applicable method is presented for synthesizing polymer networks with a well-defined network structure. This is done by the functionalization of polymeric diols using a diisocyanate, and their subsequent trimerization. Using hexamethylene diisocyanate and hydroxyl-group-terminated poly(ε-caprolactone) and poly(ethylene glycol), it is shown that both hydrophobic and hydrophilic poly(urethane–isocyanurate) networks with a well-defined network structure can readily be synthesized. By using in situ infrared spectroscopy, it is shown that the trimerization of isocyanate endgroups is clearly the predominant reaction pathway of network formation, supporting the proposed mechanism and network structure. The resulting networks possess excellent mechanical properties in both the dry and in the wet state.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800867
JournalMacromolecular rapid communications
Volume40
Issue number9
Early online date28 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

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Isocyanates
Polymers
Hydroxyl Radical
Polyethylene glycols
Infrared spectroscopy
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • UT-Hybrid-D
  • network structure
  • polyurethanes
  • structure–property relations
  • trimerization of isocyanates
  • network formation

Cite this

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title = "The Trimerization of Isocyanate-Functionalized Prepolymers: An Effective Method for Synthesizing Well-Defined Polymer Networks",
abstract = "For the study of polymer networks, having access to polymer networks with a controlled and well-defined microscopic network structure is of great importance. However, typically, such networks are difficult to synthesize. In this work, a simple, effective, and widely applicable method is presented for synthesizing polymer networks with a well-defined network structure. This is done by the functionalization of polymeric diols using a diisocyanate, and their subsequent trimerization. Using hexamethylene diisocyanate and hydroxyl-group-terminated poly(ε-caprolactone) and poly(ethylene glycol), it is shown that both hydrophobic and hydrophilic poly(urethane–isocyanurate) networks with a well-defined network structure can readily be synthesized. By using in situ infrared spectroscopy, it is shown that the trimerization of isocyanate endgroups is clearly the predominant reaction pathway of network formation, supporting the proposed mechanism and network structure. The resulting networks possess excellent mechanical properties in both the dry and in the wet state.",
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The Trimerization of Isocyanate-Functionalized Prepolymers : An Effective Method for Synthesizing Well-Defined Polymer Networks. / Driest, Piet J. (Corresponding Author); Dijkstra, Dirk J.; Stamatialis, Dimitrios; Grijpma, Dirk W.

In: Macromolecular rapid communications, Vol. 40, No. 9, 1800867, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Dijkstra, Dirk J.

AU - Stamatialis, Dimitrios

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