The Upper Critical Field of Filamentary Nb3Sn Conductors

A. Godeke, M.C. Jewell, C.M. Fisher, A. Squitieri, P.J. Lee, D.C. Larbalestier

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    We have examined the upper critical field of a large and representative set of present multifilamentary Nb3Sn wires and one bulk sample over a temperature range from 1.4 K up to the zero-field critical temperature. Since all present wires use a solid-state diffusion reaction to form the A15 layers, inhomogeneities with respect to Sn content are inevitable, in contrast to some previously studied homogeneous samples. Our study emphasizes the effects that these inevitable inhomogeneities have on the field-temperature phase boundary. The property inhomogeneities are extracted from field-dependent resistive transitions which we find broaden with increasing inhomogeneity. The upper 90%–99% of the transitions clearly separates alloyed and binary wires but a pure, Cu-free binary bulk sample also exhibits a zero-temperature critical field that is comparable to the ternary wires. The highest 𝜇0𝐻𝑐2 detected in the ternary wires are remarkably constant: The highest zero-temperature upper critical fields and zero-field critical temperatures fall within 29.5±0.3 and 17.8±0.3K, respectively, independent of the wire layout. The complete field-temperature phase boundary can be described very well with the relatively simple Maki–DeGennes model using a two-parameter fit, independent of composition, strain state, sample layout, or applied critical state criterion.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number093909
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Publication statusPublished - 2005


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