The water footprint of tourism in Spain

I. Cazcarro, Arjen Ysbert Hoekstra, J. Sánchez Chóliz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study complements the water footprint (WF) estimations for Spain, incorporating insights of the process analysis and input–output (IO) analysis. We evaluate the virtual (both blue and green consumed) water trade of agricultural and industrial products, but also of services, especially through tourism, for a country in which more than 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP) derives from this activity. We use domestic and import disaggregated tables in the agro-alimentary activities, based mainly on national agrarian, industrial, services and trade statistics. In order to obtain import coefficients, water data and IO tables of the main trade partners are used to reproduce the technology of these economies. Results show that 16% of the Spanish exports are due to foreign tourism, thus the water footprint of foreign tourism in Spain is 3.7 km3. Finally, we compare reductions in total tourism expenditure and the domestic and global water footprint of tourism using four scenarios.
Original languageUndefined
Pages (from-to)90-101
JournalTourism management
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • IR-87009
  • METIS-296707

Cite this

Cazcarro, I. ; Hoekstra, Arjen Ysbert ; Sánchez Chóliz, J. / The water footprint of tourism in Spain. In: Tourism management. 2014 ; Vol. 40. pp. 90-101.
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The water footprint of tourism in Spain. / Cazcarro, I.; Hoekstra, Arjen Ysbert; Sánchez Chóliz, J.

In: Tourism management, Vol. 40, 2014, p. 90-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The water footprint of tourism in Spain

AU - Cazcarro, I.

AU - Hoekstra, Arjen Ysbert

AU - Sánchez Chóliz, J.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This study complements the water footprint (WF) estimations for Spain, incorporating insights of the process analysis and input–output (IO) analysis. We evaluate the virtual (both blue and green consumed) water trade of agricultural and industrial products, but also of services, especially through tourism, for a country in which more than 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP) derives from this activity. We use domestic and import disaggregated tables in the agro-alimentary activities, based mainly on national agrarian, industrial, services and trade statistics. In order to obtain import coefficients, water data and IO tables of the main trade partners are used to reproduce the technology of these economies. Results show that 16% of the Spanish exports are due to foreign tourism, thus the water footprint of foreign tourism in Spain is 3.7 km3. Finally, we compare reductions in total tourism expenditure and the domestic and global water footprint of tourism using four scenarios.

AB - This study complements the water footprint (WF) estimations for Spain, incorporating insights of the process analysis and input–output (IO) analysis. We evaluate the virtual (both blue and green consumed) water trade of agricultural and industrial products, but also of services, especially through tourism, for a country in which more than 10% of the gross domestic product (GDP) derives from this activity. We use domestic and import disaggregated tables in the agro-alimentary activities, based mainly on national agrarian, industrial, services and trade statistics. In order to obtain import coefficients, water data and IO tables of the main trade partners are used to reproduce the technology of these economies. Results show that 16% of the Spanish exports are due to foreign tourism, thus the water footprint of foreign tourism in Spain is 3.7 km3. Finally, we compare reductions in total tourism expenditure and the domestic and global water footprint of tourism using four scenarios.

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