Theoretical and practical aspects of preparing bipolar membranes

H. Strathmann, H.-J. Rapp, B. Bauer, C.M. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

100 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)


The mechanism of the function of bipolar membrane can be rationalized by a hypothesis which postulates a catalytic reaction for the electrodialytic water dissociation. Based on this hypothesis, chemical and thermal very stable bipolar membranes can be prepared as multilayer structures which can be operated efficiently at current densities in excess of 0.1 A/cm2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-323
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes


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