Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser

M.I. de la Fuente Valentin

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

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Abstract

Microwave radiation is extensively used in various elds of research and applications. An important example is the selective heating of materials. In particular, the so-called millimetre-wave radiation, which covers the wavelength range between 1 mm and 10 mm, has several advantages compared to radiation from standard microwave magnetrons, at a wavelength of about 12 cm. For example, in most technical ceramics dielectric absorption and, therefore, heating is stronger at higher microwave frequencies. Also, with higher frequency the heating radiation can be focused to smaller volumes which, together with a smaller penetration depth, becomes useful for applications which require spatially selective heating, e.g., plasma production and metal sintering. However, current research into applications of millimetre-waves lacks a suitable source that provides appreciable output powers within the millimetre-wave range and, at the same time, offers the simplicity and compactness which is required for industrial applicability. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that C erenkov Free-Electron Lasers (CFELs) are a promising route towards such compact microwave sources with high-power and millimetrewave output. The CFEL has already proven its general potential as wavelength tunable, highfrequency and high-power source in previous designs reported in literature, although at the expense of bulky constructions. The main aim here is to show that CFELs can actually be realized with a much reduced size such as, for example, a table-top device. The main obstacle to the realization of a compact device is that, to date, CFELs have required a rather strong electron current with a high kinetic energy to successfully bring the laser above threshold and into oscillation. Such electron beams cannot be generated in a compact setup. Here we demonstrate that CFELs can be brought into oscillation also with a much weaker electron beam current and with a much reduced kinetic energy. For this, we have theoretically and experimentally investigated a compact design of CFEL which should operate with a relatively small electron beam current of less than 1 A, and relatively low kinetic energy of less than 100 keV.
Original languageUndefined
Awarding Institution
  • University of Twente
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Boller, K.-J., Supervisor
  • van der Slot, Petrus J.M., Advisor
Award date9 Mar 2007
Place of PublicationEnschede
Publisher
Print ISBNs978-90-365-2475-9
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2007

Keywords

  • IR-57876
  • METIS-240164

Cite this

de la Fuente Valentin, M. I. (2007). Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser. Enschede: Universiteit Twente.
de la Fuente Valentin, M.I.. / Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser. Enschede : Universiteit Twente, 2007. 125 p.
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title = "Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser",
abstract = "Microwave radiation is extensively used in various elds of research and applications. An important example is the selective heating of materials. In particular, the so-called millimetre-wave radiation, which covers the wavelength range between 1 mm and 10 mm, has several advantages compared to radiation from standard microwave magnetrons, at a wavelength of about 12 cm. For example, in most technical ceramics dielectric absorption and, therefore, heating is stronger at higher microwave frequencies. Also, with higher frequency the heating radiation can be focused to smaller volumes which, together with a smaller penetration depth, becomes useful for applications which require spatially selective heating, e.g., plasma production and metal sintering. However, current research into applications of millimetre-waves lacks a suitable source that provides appreciable output powers within the millimetre-wave range and, at the same time, offers the simplicity and compactness which is required for industrial applicability. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that C erenkov Free-Electron Lasers (CFELs) are a promising route towards such compact microwave sources with high-power and millimetrewave output. The CFEL has already proven its general potential as wavelength tunable, highfrequency and high-power source in previous designs reported in literature, although at the expense of bulky constructions. The main aim here is to show that CFELs can actually be realized with a much reduced size such as, for example, a table-top device. The main obstacle to the realization of a compact device is that, to date, CFELs have required a rather strong electron current with a high kinetic energy to successfully bring the laser above threshold and into oscillation. Such electron beams cannot be generated in a compact setup. Here we demonstrate that CFELs can be brought into oscillation also with a much weaker electron beam current and with a much reduced kinetic energy. For this, we have theoretically and experimentally investigated a compact design of CFEL which should operate with a relatively small electron beam current of less than 1 A, and relatively low kinetic energy of less than 100 keV.",
keywords = "IR-57876, METIS-240164",
author = "{de la Fuente Valentin}, M.I.",
year = "2007",
month = "3",
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isbn = "978-90-365-2475-9",
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de la Fuente Valentin, MI 2007, 'Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser', University of Twente, Enschede.

Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser. / de la Fuente Valentin, M.I.

Enschede : Universiteit Twente, 2007. 125 p.

Research output: ThesisPhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

TY - THES

T1 - Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser

AU - de la Fuente Valentin, M.I.

PY - 2007/3/9

Y1 - 2007/3/9

N2 - Microwave radiation is extensively used in various elds of research and applications. An important example is the selective heating of materials. In particular, the so-called millimetre-wave radiation, which covers the wavelength range between 1 mm and 10 mm, has several advantages compared to radiation from standard microwave magnetrons, at a wavelength of about 12 cm. For example, in most technical ceramics dielectric absorption and, therefore, heating is stronger at higher microwave frequencies. Also, with higher frequency the heating radiation can be focused to smaller volumes which, together with a smaller penetration depth, becomes useful for applications which require spatially selective heating, e.g., plasma production and metal sintering. However, current research into applications of millimetre-waves lacks a suitable source that provides appreciable output powers within the millimetre-wave range and, at the same time, offers the simplicity and compactness which is required for industrial applicability. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that C erenkov Free-Electron Lasers (CFELs) are a promising route towards such compact microwave sources with high-power and millimetrewave output. The CFEL has already proven its general potential as wavelength tunable, highfrequency and high-power source in previous designs reported in literature, although at the expense of bulky constructions. The main aim here is to show that CFELs can actually be realized with a much reduced size such as, for example, a table-top device. The main obstacle to the realization of a compact device is that, to date, CFELs have required a rather strong electron current with a high kinetic energy to successfully bring the laser above threshold and into oscillation. Such electron beams cannot be generated in a compact setup. Here we demonstrate that CFELs can be brought into oscillation also with a much weaker electron beam current and with a much reduced kinetic energy. For this, we have theoretically and experimentally investigated a compact design of CFEL which should operate with a relatively small electron beam current of less than 1 A, and relatively low kinetic energy of less than 100 keV.

AB - Microwave radiation is extensively used in various elds of research and applications. An important example is the selective heating of materials. In particular, the so-called millimetre-wave radiation, which covers the wavelength range between 1 mm and 10 mm, has several advantages compared to radiation from standard microwave magnetrons, at a wavelength of about 12 cm. For example, in most technical ceramics dielectric absorption and, therefore, heating is stronger at higher microwave frequencies. Also, with higher frequency the heating radiation can be focused to smaller volumes which, together with a smaller penetration depth, becomes useful for applications which require spatially selective heating, e.g., plasma production and metal sintering. However, current research into applications of millimetre-waves lacks a suitable source that provides appreciable output powers within the millimetre-wave range and, at the same time, offers the simplicity and compactness which is required for industrial applicability. The objective of this thesis is to demonstrate that C erenkov Free-Electron Lasers (CFELs) are a promising route towards such compact microwave sources with high-power and millimetrewave output. The CFEL has already proven its general potential as wavelength tunable, highfrequency and high-power source in previous designs reported in literature, although at the expense of bulky constructions. The main aim here is to show that CFELs can actually be realized with a much reduced size such as, for example, a table-top device. The main obstacle to the realization of a compact device is that, to date, CFELs have required a rather strong electron current with a high kinetic energy to successfully bring the laser above threshold and into oscillation. Such electron beams cannot be generated in a compact setup. Here we demonstrate that CFELs can be brought into oscillation also with a much weaker electron beam current and with a much reduced kinetic energy. For this, we have theoretically and experimentally investigated a compact design of CFEL which should operate with a relatively small electron beam current of less than 1 A, and relatively low kinetic energy of less than 100 keV.

KW - IR-57876

KW - METIS-240164

M3 - PhD Thesis - Research UT, graduation UT

SN - 978-90-365-2475-9

PB - Universiteit Twente

CY - Enschede

ER -

de la Fuente Valentin MI. Theory, Design and Operation of a Compact Cerenkov Free-Electron Laser. Enschede: Universiteit Twente, 2007. 125 p.