Therapeutic Effect of a Soft Robotic Glove for Activities of Daily Living In People With Impaired Hand Strength: Protocol for a Multicenter Clinical Trial (iHand)

Anke Ida Roza Kottink*, Corien D.M. Nikamp, Foskea P. Bos, Corry K. van der Sluis, Marieke van den Broek, Bram Onneweer, Janneke M. Stolwijk-Swüste, Sander M. Brink, Nicoline B.M. Voet, Jacob B. Buurke, Johannes S. Rietman, Gerdienke B. Prange-Lasonder

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Background: Decline of hand function, especially reduced hand strength, is a common problem that can be caused by many disorders and results in difficulties performing activities of daily living. A wearable soft robotic glove may be a solution, enabling use of the affected arm and hand repeatedly during functional daily activities and providing intensive and task-specific training simultaneously with assistance of hand function. Objective: We aim to investigate the therapeutic effect of an assistive soft robotic glove (Carbonhand). Methods: This multicenter uncontrolled intervention study consists of 3 preassessments (T0, T1, and T2), a postassessment (T3), and a follow-up assessment (T4). Participants are patients who experience hand function limitations. For the intervention, participants will use the glove during activities of daily living at home for 6 weeks, with a recommended use of at least 180 minutes per week. The primary outcome measure is handgrip strength, and secondary outcome measures are related to functional arm and hand abilities, amount of glove use, and quality of life. Results: The first participant was included on June 25, 2019. Currently, the study has been extended due to the COVID-19 pandemic; data collection and analysis are expected to be completed in 2022. Conclusions: The Carbonhand system is a wearable assistive device, allowing performance of functional activities to be enhanced directly during functional daily activities. At the same time, active movement of the user is encouraged as much as possible,

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere34200
JournalJMIR research protocols
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2022


  • activities of daily living
  • assist
  • assistive technology
  • function
  • hand
  • hand function
  • hand strength
  • intervention
  • protocol
  • rehabilitation
  • robot
  • robotics
  • soft-robotic glove
  • support
  • therapy
  • upper extremity
  • wearable
  • wearable devices

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