Thermo-chemical de-vulcanization of suphur-vulcanized SBR assisted by de-vulcanization aids and oxidation stabilizers

Sitisaiyidah Saiwari, Wilma K. Dierkes, Jacobus W.M. Noordermeer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic


Ground tire rubber (GTR) from whole passenger car tires is composed of several types of rubbers and fillers, making de-vulcanization of this material rather complicated. The most critical component in this material is SBR, as it tends to degrade and recombine during the commonly used reclaiming processes. In a thermo-chemical de-vulcanization process of sulfur-vulcanized SBR with diphenyldisulfide (DPDS) as de-vulcanization aid, a reduction of crosslink density is observed up to a temperature of 220C. Beyond this temperature threshold, the 3 crosslink density rises again. This is due to intra-molecular rearrangements of chain fragments of butadiene moieties from uncontrolled degradation and oxidation effects. By the addition of oxidation stabilizers, degradation is suppressed and the oxidation cycles are interrupted. By choosing an appropriate stabilizer for SBR, a further decrease in crosslink density can be achieved at temperatures higher than 220C. This combination of DPDS as de-vulcanization aid and oxidation stabilizers significantly enhances the de-vulcanization de-vulcanization efficiency of SBR versus DPDS alone. The results are interpreted in terms of mechanisms of main chain and sulfur bridge scission and the degradative cycles triggered by the presence of oxygen.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division, 7-10 October, 2013, Cleveland, U.S.A.
Place of PublicationCleveland, U.S.A.
PublisherACS Rubber Division
Publication statusPublished - 8 Oct 2013
Event184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division - Cleveland, United States
Duration: 7 Oct 201310 Oct 2013
Conference number: 184

Publication series

PublisherACS Rubber Division


Conference184th Technical Meeting ACS Rubber Division
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • METIS-301468
  • IR-88841


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