Monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(trimethylene carbonate) (mPEG3–PTMC11, Mn of mPEG = 3.1 × 103 and Mn of PTMC = 10.8 × 103 g/mol) was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of TMC using mPEG3 as an initiator and stannous octoate as a catalyst. The block copolymer has a broad melting range with a peak at 49.5 °C and a heat of fusion of 47.6 J/g. The heat of fusion normalized to the mPEG content is higher than that of the mPEG3 polymer, suggesting that PTMC segments are also semi-crystalline. The mPEG3–PTMC11 films were stable in water at room temperature, whereas at 37 °C the film specimens disintegrated and the amphiphilic block copolymer self-assembled into micellar-like nanoparticles with average sizes up to 210 nm. The critical association concentration (CAC) of the formed micellar-like particles is 1.35 × 10− 3 mg/ml. The average size and polydispersity index of the formed mPEG3–PTMC11 nanoparticles depend on temperature and storage time: the values decrease with increases in temperature and in storage time. By co-dissolving dexamethasone with mPEG3–PTMC11 during the film preparation, micellar-like nanoparticles loaded with dexamethasone can be obtained after the film to micellar-like nanoparticles transition. A high loading efficiency of 93.3 wt.% was achieved. The sustained release of the drug was complete in 20 d.
|Journal||Journal of controlled release|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- Poly(trimethylene carbonate)
- Drug delivery
- Amphiphilic block copolymers