Thermoset/Thermoplastic Interphases: The Role of Initiator Concentration in Polymer Interdiffusion

Ozan Erartsin, Jamal Seyyed Monfared Zanjani, Ismet Baran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
74 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In the co-bonding of thermoset and thermoplastic polymers, the interdiffusion of the polymers results in the formation of an interphase between them. Understanding the factors influencing the interdiffusion and the resulting interphase is crucial in order to optimize the mechanical performance of the bond. Herein, for the first time, the effect of the initiator concentration of the thermoset resin-initiator mixture on the interphase thickness of co-bonded thermoset-thermoplastic polymers is investigated. The dependence of the gelation time on the initiator concentration is determined by rheometer measurements. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements are carried out to determine the speed of cure. To co-bond the polymers, pieces of already-manufactured thermoplastic plates are embedded in a resin-initiator mixture. The interphase thickness of the co-bonded polymers is measured with an optical microscope. The results of this study show that the gelation time decreases as the initiator concentration increases. This decrease leads to a significant reduction in both interphase thickness and diffusivity. For instance, increasing the initiator/resin weight ratio from 1% to 3% reduces the gelation time by 74% and the interphase thickness by 63%.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1493
Number of pages9
JournalPolymers
Volume14
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2022

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